Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation

Russia can become leader of AI development, use

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko has spoken about artificial intelligence as the main technology of the 21st century at a plenary session of the “Strategic Leadership and Artificial Intelligence Technologies” congress held on the sidelines of the Army-2021 forum.

“The modern world is inseparable from artificial intelligence. This is because of the colossal complexity of technological and economic systems which our life depends upon. Artificial intelligence helps us deal with this complexity; it gives an opportunity to simultaneously optimize millions of parameters in a variety of processes. The development of artificial intelligence is a priority task, while synchronization of competence centers’ plans will bring us to technological leadership,” the deputy prime minister said.

The removal of normative barriers and the development of effective instruments for the growth of artificial intelligence infrastructure are priority targets of the government, Chernyshenko said. Russia has laid down a normative foundation of digital transformation that considerably facilitates the implementation of AI-based technologies. "Laws on experimental legal regimes in the field of digital innovations have been adopted in the Russian Federation to speed up the implementation of AI technologies. Seven projects of the ‘digital sandbox’ were approved as pilots in spring 2021; their implementation will demonstrate strengths and weaknesses of the use of artificial intelligence in the real sector,” he said.

The deputy prime minister underlined the importance of using artificial intelligence technologies in public administration, they are capable of bolstering the efficiency of the processes of planning, forecasting and managerial decision making, along the quality of public and municipal services, as well as reducing the cost of their provision. “At the end of 2020, the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation held a series of strategic sessions dedicated to digital transformation of the federal executive authorities. Portfolios of initiatives aimed to implement digital technologies, including smart solutions, in the authorities were prepared. The work resulted in the elaboration of over 40 departmental digital transformation programs, most of which include artificial intelligence projects. A preliminary assessment of the effect from the initiatives associated with artificial intelligence exceeds 3 trillion rubles. The biggest effect is expected from healthcare and transport,” the deputy prime minister said.

Dmitry Chernyshenko also spoke about measures towards building artificial intelligence infrastructure, which are being taken within the framework of the “Artificial Intelligence” federal project of the “Digital Economy” national program. “The federal project combines measures supporting the development of prospective AI technologies with the formation of a strong community of machine learning specialists. For instance, about ten bachelor’s programs and 40 master’s programs in artificial intelligence areas will be launched at higher educational establishments by 2024. About 1,200 startups will receive grants, and research centers will open in major artificial intelligence areas to support science,” Chernyshenko said.

A person will always be the top priority of government programs developing artificial intelligence, the deputy prime minister said, adding that Russia is actively working on standards of ethnical regulation of artificial intelligence. “It is important to us that digital progress aims to improve the quality of life and to boost the economic growth and the competitiveness of Russian technologies, which requires not only the creation of relevant infrastructure and legal conditions but also the determination of a framework of digital development. Russia has chosen a ‘soft’ approach as a tool regulating artificial intelligence – that’s ethical self-regulation. The national code of artificial intelligence ethics, which defines key principles of the development of human-centered technologies, will be approved at the “Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: Beginning of Trust” forum this fall,” Chernyshenko said.

Please note that the expertise center for the implementation of the “Artificial Intelligence” federal project has been established at the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation and tasked with coordinating and monitoring the implementation of the ”Artificial Intelligence” federal project and the implementation of a number of strategic initiatives associated with the development of artificial intelligence in our country. These include the formation of an index of sectors’ preparedness for the AI implementation, the evaluation of satisfaction of persons interested in developing artificial intelligence technologies with the working conditions in the Russian Federation, norms and regulations, and the promotion of ethnical self-regulation principles.