The national guidelines for artificial intelligence ethics are being elaborated on the orders from the Russian president, consistent with the provisions of the National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence Development in the Period until 2030 and the Concept of Regulations for Relations in the Field of Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Robotics in the Period until 2024. The Analytical Center is working on the document together with the Russian Economic Development Ministry and the Artificial Intelligence Alliance.
“We would like Russia to be among the top ten countries developing ethnical norms of artificial intelligence. We cannot wait for standards to be imposed on our developers and have to be complied with. It’s better to develop our own standards and promote them on the global level,” Sofia Zakharova, assistant from the Russian Presidential Administration’s Directorate for the Development of Information and Communication Technology and Communication Infrastructure, said.
The code should have an educational function among others, Zakharova said. “The most important objective is to build public trust in technologies. We can do that if we are open about principles and rules of the development and implementation of artificial intelligence technologies,” she said. In addition, the code will serve as a guarantee for developers and will protect them from unfair competition in the absence of legislative regulation, she said.
The code will regulate the activity of regulators, developers, clients, operators and users of artificial intelligence systems (AIS), AIS experts and operators, and other parties potentially able to influence AIS, Managing Director of Sberbank's AI Governance Center Andrey Neznamov said. The code norms will be advisory and will apply to all market actors irrespective of their state belonging. “While developing code norms, we relied on the human-centered principle, according to which technologies should fully unlock the human potential, as well as the risk-oriented principle, according to which every technology should be viewed from the angle of benefit and risk to human and social interests, and the principles of caution and responsible attitude. Our task is to maximize the prevention of harm and the provision of security of developments,” Neznamov said.
The expert named key principles of the code of artificial intelligence ethnics. He described the protection of human interests as the chief priority of the development of AI technologies. The code also declares the need to realize the responsibility for the development and use of artificial intelligence, which always lies with humans. “AI technologies can and should be implemented immediately wherever they bring benefit to people. The interests of the development of AI technologies should be above the interests of competition. The utmost transparency and truthfulness of information about the level of development of AI technologies, opportunities, risks, and successes and failures of their use are important,” Neznamov said.
The principles of ethics should be developed alongside the appearance of new knowledge, challenges and opportunities, roundtable participants said. Experts noted that, in contrast to the norms of law, provisions of the code will have no legal significance. Therefore, a key mechanism of the code implementation should be public attention to the issue and condemnation of those who violate ethnic norms. Companies that fail to comply with the requirements set by this document will bear reputational and economic losses, rather than legal ones.
It is planned to present the code of artificial intelligence ethics in fall.