“Efforts to create a national system of qualifications are in full swing in Russia. Its comprehensiveness, success and effectiveness depend to a large extent on how well it is going to take into account the specific features of the transformation of the education system and the labor market, which apart from demographic factors and migration processes are also influenced by the socio-economic changes taking place in the country,” said Analytical Center expert Inna Karakchieva speaking at a joint meeting of the Subcommittees for crisis management and for the creation and development of HR potential in intellectual property management at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Russia.
Participants in the joint meeting looked at the issues of forecasting, creation, management, supervision and development of human resources as part of efforts to ensure socio-economic prosperity and security of the country. The participants also talked about the need for a common properly systematized practice-oriented expert information space of HR requirements and capabilities of the national economy.
Ms. Karakchieva believes that when creating the system such factors need to be taken into account as the increase in the number of university enrolments and graduates, the high status of university education in the country and the persistence of the general belief that a higher education degree guarantees employment. It should also be borne in mind that the share of retirees in the total population in Russia is still on the rise and the level of unemployment among people aged between 15 and 24 remains fairly high. The expert noted that unless these realities are taken into account, implementing the proposed reforms is going to create additional risks.
The specific features of the socio-economic development in different regions and the variation in the production facilities and technologies available in each region create a unique opportunity for using the cluster-based approach when developing mechanisms for managing the interaction between the education system and the labor market, Ms. Karakchieva believes. This will help the education system to respond to changing demands of the labor market in a more flexible and timely manner, ensuring a better match between supply and demand while taking into account the specific situation in each region.
Russia already has a lot of regulation in this field: there is licensing, certification, professional standards, and federal education standards. State authorities have done a lot of work but the problem of interdepartmental cooperation still remains unresolved, with the result that there are quite a bit of mismatch and contradictions between some of the regulation tools. The professional community does not have the tools for matching professional and educational standards; the national classifier of worker professions, clerk positions and rate classes, the Russian national classifier of occupations and professional standards each exist in isolation and there is a problem of mismatch between international standards and the current demand in the labor market, the expert said. “Under Federal Laws No 122-FZ dated May 2, 2015 and 273-FZ dated December 29, 2012, starting July 1, 2016 employers must use professional standards with regards to the requirements for the qualifications that an employee must have to perform their job,” Ms. Karakchieva noted.
The existing lack of information about who is doing what kind of job in the economy results in overqualification, which in turn creates such problems as poor expediency and excessive costs. The expert believes the future is a single system to forecast changes in the labor market based on industry planning and forecasting systems. “If we create such a forecasting system with the help of employers we will eliminate the problem of mismatch between professional skills and the quality of graduates. It will allow us to determine the actual demand for each specific category of specialists, anticipating what various sectors of the economy are going to need in the future and in this manner we will be able to create a new labor market for future professions,” Ms. Karakchieva said. All participants in labor relations will accept a clear and easy-to-understand position of the labor market players, she is sure.