The Analytical Center discussed the development prospects for international cooperation in information and telecommunication technologies. At the workshop, the experts formulated methods for regulating trans-border markets in digital economy and e-commerce and talked about the possibilities of creating a common digital space through integration.
“We are seeing quite a few global integration processes and international discussions happening at the moment, but in our opinion, they do not always get put in practice at the national level. The decisions made between countries often go through a difficult integration process inside the country, because internal processes are often given priority over international ones,” believes the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Vasily Pushkin.
The Head of the Department for International Co-operation of the Analytical Center Denis Ershov named forming digital single market to be one of the major priorities of the Eurasian Union for the near years. “Concerted actions of member states on implementation of joint programs and projects on digital transformation is needed for upgrading inter-state co-operation efficiency, creating high-tech jobs, securing growth of economic activities and competitiveness,” said the expert.
"In the near future we need to elaborate a unified stance of industry regulators of countries on forming the EAEU digital single market, and its concept is scheduled to be developed later this year," noted Mr. Ershov.
"The Concept of forming the EAEU digital single market is scheduled to be developed later this year."
Head of the Department for International Co-operation, Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation
The Head of the Department for Information Technologies of the Analytical Center Alexander Malakhov noted the importance of information technologies for global integration. “The state is entering a new level of digital cooperation. First of all, it is domestic interests that are being looked out for. But as soon as domestic issues get sorted out the state starts thinking about how international cooperation can work in the digital format," Mr. Malakhov believes. In addition, the expert added, that with regards to digital cooperation Russia’s following the experience of Europe and Asia at the moment. Key directions of development of digital cooperation between states, according to Mr. Malakhov, include ensuring that legally significant documents get properly processed, ensuring integration between the systems and services of e-governments of the participating nations, ensuring that information gets shared and e-government decisions and other state sector IT systems get disseminated and adopted.
“The state is entering a new level of digital cooperation. First of all, it is domestic interests that are being looked out for. However, as soon as domestic issues get sorted out the state starts thinking about how international cooperation can work in the digital format."
Head of the Department for Information Technologies, Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation
Of special interest is the block chain technology that can bring about a real breakthrough in the banking sector as well as in the digital economy and e-commerce in general. “Block chain ensures anonymity, reliability and security as it protects against signature falsification,” believes Pavel Goroshko, an expert with the Ministry for Economic Development of Russia.
“The block chain technology is based on transparency, strict rules of the game and third-party-free verification,” explained the head of the interdepartmental work group for the assessment of crypto-currency risks of the State Duma Elina Sidorenko. 24 states have already expressed interest in actively developing the block chain technology and such countries as the UK, Sweden, Germany, Italy and Argentine are currently leading the pack in terms of how much they have already invested in it. “Soon after the introduction of the block chain technology, state registration and notary verification of documents may become a thing of the past as the very fact that there is an entry in the registry will be confirmation enough for the information,” Ms. Sidorenko noted.
Adoption of the block chain technology is not the only way that Russia can ensure digital cooperation. “I would identify several directions that Russia may pursue for digital development: the national technology initiative program, the initiative of the Institute for the Development of the Internet established within the work group and the projects of the Foundation for the Development of Internet initiatives that involve a roadmap developing and promoting an internet of things,” said Maksim Ivanov, a representative of the Eurasian Economic Commission.
Global cooperation requires shared standards that digital cooperation could be based upon. The proposals put forward by the experts during the round table will be submitted to the government and after review, some of them may become part of such standards, Vasily Pushkin noted.