“The main trend in the development of satellite communications around the world is the creation of brand new high-speed data transmission systems that would allow for the cost per unit of information transmitted to be drastically reduced compared with the traditional satellite systems as well as for more flexibility in the way that traffic can be redistributed between various communication systems relying on completely different types of physical networks,” said the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Yury Urlichich, speaking at a meeting of the International Business Congress Committee on Information and Communications as he was presenting a report on the future of space technology in the oil and gas sector.
According to the expert, if the foreign projects in this field get successfully implemented, coordinating the new Russian satellite systems in high speed data transmission ranges will become significantly more difficult. The result will be that either the solutions currently under development will have to be redesigned or the new satellite system will not be able to function without interference.
Mr. Urlichich noted that the modern world presents oil and gas corporations with lots of challenges, key of which have to do with the risk of never getting returns on investments and with rising prices of energy sources. According to him, attention needs to be paid to those innovative approaches and solutions that can kick start further technological and financial development. Today Gazprom Space Systems is the company that does R&D in this field for the oil and gas sector. Among other things, this company studies the most promising innovative trends in the development of space technologies around the world in order to better perform its functions. It is Russia’s second largest operator of satellite communications systems, servicing more than 400 satellite communications stations and offering a broad range of aerospace monitoring products and services.
“Globally, Earth remote sensing systems are also gaining more and more acceptance. At the moment, practically every Earth remote sensing (ERS) system based in space uses low orbit satellites flying around the Earth at an altitude of 400-800 km, a setup that has its pros and cons,” Mr. Urlichich said. “However, future space-based ERS systems are expected to come in the form of high-orbit constellations of satellites going around the Earth along the Arctic high elliptical orbit or sitting in geostationary orbits, which would allow them not only to take high resolution photographs but also stream high definition video with the capability to select objects being filmed within the area the satellite is constantly directed at, and to take 3D video footage.”
The main mechanism for effective participation in the creation and development of Russian space-based systems is public-private partnership as well as international cooperation, the expert believes. These kinds of mechanisms have to be used because spaced-based systems are expensive to design and deploy, because there is a lot of competition for investments and because of the fact that such systems are inherently global.