“The key idea of the networking-based cooperation in education is that it helps people make connections with each other which not only ensures access to education but improves the quality of education services for everyone. The networking-based implementation of educational programs enables organizations to adopt them with much more ease,” believes the Analytical Center expert Inna Karakchieva. “We have got to be looking not just at horizontal links between educational organizations but also at the connections between art, culture, sports, tourism, research and manufacturing organizations as well as between federal, regional and municipal organizations. When such links are in place, they improve transparency and adaptability of education, facilitating the use of modern technologies and boosting the competencies of educators.
Despite the fact that the Federal Law on Education in Russia passed in 2012 makes provisions for the implementation of educational programs using the networking-based approach, no mechanism for how to use networking in educational programs has been defined. In addition, the law only applies to organizations that have a license to offer educational services. The expert believes that because of this the organizational, managerial, financial and business mechanisms that organizations can use to take advantage of networking must be improved and expanded. “For example, organizations offering additional education are not allowed to implement some of the main general education programs using the networking approach, they cannot solicit private initiatives even through public-private partnership schemes,” Ms. Karakchieva notes.
Networking-based education allows for resources to be distributed more efficiently as one and the same networked resource can be accessed and used by multiple participants. With this approach the effectiveness and efficiency of spending improve several-fold, the expert believes. International experience offers plenty of evidence of the importance and advisability of networked education services, while the mechanism for supporting management decisions is made more resilient and stable by the fact that all participants are volunteers and they all have common interests and want to solve common problems.