The Paris Agreement to Strengthen the National Climate Policy

22 december 2015

Expert discussed results of the 21st Conference of Countries – Members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and expected impact of the shift in the global climate change policy on Russia.

‘The Russian climate policy was formed after the adoption of the Framework Convention on Climate Change, and will be reformed with the adoption of the Paris Agreement,’ said Larisa Korepanova, the representative of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Russia. The expert noted that the agreement states 2 global goals: holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C and increasing the ability to adapt.

Ms Korepanova also spoke about the actions to be taken after the Conference. ‘First of all we are waiting for the Order of the Government on the ratification of the Agreement. If such an order is given, the relevant body will prepare a draft law to the Government and develop a set of measures. It is necessary to define a new national goal and a plan for its implementation and achievement,’ said the expert. In this sphere Russia lags far behind other countries, and it made very small steps in the state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, believes Ms Korepanova. The expert is sure that in order to solve this problem Russia needs a national model of state regulation to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. The Russian system of gas emissions evaluation is in need of revision, considers the expert.

Dinara Gershinkova, the representative of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russia (Roshydromet) considers that the Paris Agreement will strengthen the national climate policy. It is the first time when the ability to adapt is of such great importance. ‘Several years ago there was an analysis of adaption measures. Among them of huge importance for us are strengthening the monitoring system and maintaining national meteorology services, which provide with long-term climate predictions and assessment,’ said the expert.

Participants of the event believe that all measures can be ineffective, as today in Russia there is no single federal executive body responsible for implementation of climate policies, and it is important to set it. The technology section of the Agreement, which should be linked to the financial mechanisms, needs clarifications and corrections.