Participants of the Foresight Session 'Institutional Development', which took place at the Analytical Center, discussed requirements for reforming strategic state institutions and updating principles of their cooperation with business and society. The discussion touched upon measures on modernizing the law enforcement system, ensuring transparency of the judicial system, improving the level of property rights protection and enhancing the quality of the regulatory framework.
Andrei Yakovlev, the Director of the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies (IIMS) of the Higher School of Economics, believes that the state of law enforcement and judicial systems in Russia is one of bottlenecks of economic development. ‘We should not reform the entire system at once, since rights' violations are not uniform, results are different across regions,’ said the expert.
Russia can not import best practices, according to Sergei Belyakov, the Chairman of the Board of the National Association of Investments and Development. They may conflict with interests of social groups. Moreover, different countries and regions have their own culture and historical features, and applying technology of other countries in Russia is impossible, considers the expert. ‘In recent years the situation has worsened. The society feels distrust in the system, and the Government does not understand all risks arising due to the absence of the precedence of law. This leads to economic problems, the aggressive public mood,’ said the expert.
Kirill Titaev, the Senior Researcher of the Institute for the Rule of Law (IRL) at the European University at Saint-Petersburg (EUSPb) believes that if we focus on foreign models - the US, China and Germany, it is necessary to reduce the level of physical violence, to save money and to take measures to support economy. The decentralization of the entire system, reduced functional of prosecutors, change in the role of pre-trial proceedings and reduction of bureaucratic pressure on grassroots units of all departments will be needed, considers Mr Titaev. Also, according to the expert, personnel reorganization plays an important role in the process.
The event was held by the Analytical Center in conjunction with the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia in the frameworks of drafting the Strategy of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation up to 2030.