The Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation held the Foresight Session ‘System of Public Administration’. Experts discussed drafting the Strategy of Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation up to 2030 and reforms of state administration, namely – modeling an efficient state, staffing state administration, developing an efficient system of change management.
Mikhail Pryadilnikov, the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center, believes that there is a fair bit of problems in the public administration. These are: excessive state presence in particular areas, volatile game rules, low quality law enforcement and inefficient decisions enforcement, and high expenditures for businesses and society. ‘We use 2 approaches to assess the state administration system: temporal and functional. The first includes steps of preparation, adoption, implementation and evaluation of decisions made, and the second determines state presence in economy, public and social services for citizens, social finance, security and law enforcement,’ said Mr Pryadilnikov.
According to Zakhirdzhan Kuchkarov, the Director of the Center for Innovations and High Technologies ‘Kontsept’ (Concept), the main challenge of the industry is the clumsy public administration system. ‘There are more and more powers and functions, the system does not become clearer. Furthermore, we have a huge conceptual diversity. Even one scope of regulation is determined differently in different codes. We need to completely change the conceptual framework, said the expert. The regulatory framework adds complexity to the issue, it is being improved constantly, attaining new legal acts,' said Mr Kuchkarov.
Andrey Nechayev, the President of the ‘Grazhdanskaya initsiativa’ (Civil Initiative) party, proposed to change the distribution system of not only powers but also resources between federal and municipal governments. ‘It is necessary to reduce the role of federal taxes and to grant regional and municipal governments the right to introduce their own taxes,’ said the expert. This is the way of Western countries where there are resort fees and taxes on the reconstruction of historic monuments, according to the expert. Mr Nechayev also said that it is necessary to create and approve a federal register of potential taxes, and then give it to regions.
The main threat for the public administration is corruption, considers Nikolai Smirnov, the Deputy Director General of National Institute for Systemic Studies of Entrepreneurial Problems (NISSEP). According to him, anti-corruption policies do not work in the short term. ‘If we consider the long term, then there are real prospects for development. The problem is the current state administration initially produces distorted institutions and they do not take into account interests of groups living there,’ said the expert.
Participant of the event consider that under current conditions it is necessary to learn how to adapt to high-speed changes quickly, and so a common action plan taking into account interests of all industry parties is needed.