Data Systematization is Necessary in Science and Technology Sphere

6 november 2015

The Analytical Center's expert Alexey Shiryaev spoke at the 3d All-Russian Conference on Science and Scientometrics. 'A project 'Map of Russian science' is quite interesting and it might become an integrator portal. Gathering data about the staff of scientific organizations, carried-out research, existing equipment in all Russian research institutes and universities, as well as ensuring submission of applications for R & D through the portal will allow to receive a source of operational statistics about the state of science in Russia, to reduce the amount of the applicationand report documentation and to conduct control on duplication of R & D topics,' considers Mr. Shiryaev.

The expert pointed out the dissonance in the state scientific and technological policy. In particular, in the Strategy for the Development of Science and Innovations in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2015 the requirement to achieve the share of domestic expenditures on research and development in GDP to 2.5% is set out. In the Presidential Decree № 599 'On measures to implement the state policy in the field of education and science' it is expected to achieve 1.77% GDP by 2015. Both scheduled values have not been achieved yet.

In Russia there are many priorities of scientific and technological development: the national technology initiative, the list of critical technologies, the list of priority scientific tasks etc. Mr Shiryaev drew attention to the fact that in the federal law on strategic planning only critical technologies are marked what excludes the other priorities from the strategic planning system.

Regarding the bureaucratic component in the management of science, it was noted that each funding agency collects the same type of data on experience and qualifications of the scientific staff and organizations, but data collection forms are not standardized. When submitting applications for the performance of R & D it is not possible to use data from different information systems. In this case, the feasibility of large amounts of reporting documents, the content of which is duplicated, is unclear, but forms of its presentation differ, which actually leads to an increase in the volume of documentation.