The round table 'New and advanced technologies for the upgrade of efficiency of use of natural gas in fuel systems in transport' was held at the Analytical Center. Experts talked about technologies of gas flaring in internal combustion engines, improving the efficiency of transport when using motor fuel, as well as optimization of budget expenditures during the transition to natural gas.
Mikhail Nizov, the Senior Adviser of the Department for Sectors of Economy of the Analytical Center, noted that comprehensive implementation of NGV is one of the priority tasks in the field of transport for today. 'Unfortunately, the solution to this problem is constrained by a complex of reasons, including poor gas-filling and service infrastructure; limited supply of domestic equipment on natural gas, as well as its high costs and low performance compared to technologies on conventional fuels,' the expert said. Furthermore, additional costs of transport companies are needed to carry out measures to modernize production and technical facilities, to train quality of engineering and technical staff and drivers for maintenance and operation of new equipment. Also, there are no government incentives to foster producers and consumers of gas-engine equipment, the expert believes.
Mr Nizov recalled that in January 2015, the Ministry of Transport of Russia has prepared a project of subprogram on transfer of transport to natural gas as part of the state program 'Development of Transport System'. Among the main subprogram directions scientific and regulatory and technical support for the transfer of all types of transport to the natural gas motor fuel, the performance of a number of works on creating the necessary technology advance and requirements for the full-scale production of a wide range of vehicles and additional gas-engine equipment are indicated.
Maxim Lobanov, the Deputy Director of the Department of Oil and Gas Processing of the Ministry of Energy of Russia, said that the working group on the development of gas engine fuel for the Ministry of Energy of Russia is focused on three areas: working with constituent entities, transport companies and companies involved in infrastructure development. 'For two years we have managed to develop our own programs on development of the market of gas motor fuel with regions, and today there are such programs in more than 30 subjects, and according to them we understand the scope of required investments. Up to 2020 more than 140 billion rubles are planned to be spent on infrastructure development and renewal of vehicle fleet,' said the official. As for transport companies, there the work on the creation of NGV has begun in all market segments,' Mr Lobanov said, noting that the main driver in the NGV infrastructure is the company 'Rosneft' and "Gazprom Gas Motor Fuel.' By the end of this year in Russia over 25 sites will be built, in the next year it is expected to develop more than 50 projects, using domestic equipment, and the main focus will be made on encouraging consumption of gas in the regions, a representative of the Ministry of Energy informed.
It is necessary to renew the fleet of public transport and municipal vehicles in order to work on the gas, according to First Deputy General Director of OJSC 'NIIAT' Vitaly Komarov. 'As one of the main objectives of the introduction of motor fuel is to improve the environmental situation in large cities and to reduce the impact of road transport on the climate, we need the economical technique, and the cars that operate today, are needed to be improved in terms of energy efficiency to at least 20%,' said the expert. In addition, the implementation of such technology would require reequipment of road transport enterprises, modernization of production and technical base, reequipment of storage areas, said Mr Komarov.
Participants of the event also pointed out that a lot of work is necessary to change and even simplify the regulatory framework.