The Analytical Center in cooperation with the Ministry of Energy of Russia held a roundtable on 'Procedures of the Russian Fuel and Energy Sector’s Transition to Best Available Technologies’ Foundation.'
Alexei Kulapin, the Director of the Department for State Energy Policy of the Russian Ministry of Energy, recalled that the Draft Order of the transition of the Russian fuel and energy sectors to principles of BAT was developed by the Ministry of Energy of Russia in compliance with the requirements of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation off 21 July 2014 № 219-FZ 'On Amendments to the Federal Law 'On Environmental Protection' and some legislative acts of the Russian Federation.' The Ministry has begun to work in advance, engaging leading sectoral universities, since it understands the importance of the task, he specified.
The Russian Ministry of Energy FSBI 'REA' Director of Innovations Alexey Konev talked about the order of the transition to the principles of BAT. Today basic regulations are adopted and they are governing the transition to the principles of BAT, in particular authorized organizations were assigned, their function were defined, administrative and economic mechanisms of transition were foreseen and emergency orders to the Russian Ministry of Energy and the companies with state participation were prepared,' the expert said. The Ministry of Energy is involved in work to ensure a coordinated, systematic and consistent transition of fuel and energy sector to principles of BAT. Success factors of this activity, according to Mr Konev, are coordination on the part of the Ministry, the active participation of energy companies and effective interagency cooperation. And the main task of the Ministry of Energy during the transition to BAT is to ensure the development of BAT handbooks, including the arrangement of financing, coordination and acceptance support, as well as approval together with authorized federal executive bodies of technological standards and indexes of BAT for fuel and energy sectors. 'There is already a project on the transition to principles of BAT. It consists of 6 phases and the first phase should be completed in 2015. By the end of the year it is necessary to determine the transition procedure, the detailed structure and the content of handbooks. In addition, it is necessary to prepare proposals on the lineup of technical working groups to develop handbooks and sectoral 'roadmap' transition to BAT,' Mr. Konev said.
The Head of the Bureau of Best Available Technologies, the Director of the All-Russian Research Institute for standardization of materials and technologies Dmitriy Skobelev says that the main objective of the implementation of BAT in Russia is to create conditions for the development of industry (business), increase of competitiveness with simultaneous reduction of the level of negative impacts on the environment. 'The harmonization of interests of the state, society and business players - the postulate for successful economic development and environmental security of the state,' considers the expert. According to him, the governmental regulation should be minimally sufficient to achieve stated objectives, be based on concise and clear description of the powers of regulators and supervisory authorities, to determine an effective transparent mechanism of responsibility of economic entities, to improve itself in cooperation with interested parties with the mandatory public discussion, be reviewed periodically and be scientifically justified.
During the discussion, experts also pointed out the need to improve the existing legal framework.