The Analytical Center held a Round-Table Discussion ‘Development of International Climate Policies: Risks and Opportunities for Russia’, during which experts discussed the Russian stance on the climate issue within the COP21/CMP11 (Climate Change Conference 2015 in Paris), and also considered the possible consequences of the adoption of the Convention for climate policy of the world and Russia.
"The year 2015 is very important for the international climate agenda, since it is planned to achieve a new global climate agreement during the UN climate conference. The new agreement is the result of an extensive work that began in 2007 in Bali, where the need to consolidate efforts to reduce the burden on the climate system was first spelled out,” said the Counselor to the President - President's Special Representative on Climate Issues Alexander Bedritsky.
Mr. Bedritsky also noted that due to the current relations with Western countries there are new threats for the consolidation of joint efforts in the development of the climate agreement. "I am talking about unilateral sanctions, aimed at curbing the development of Russia’s economy, and in addition, bearing negative green consequences," said the official. According to him, they restrict opportunities for the production of natural gas, the cleanest compared to coal and oil. At the same time, Western countries call to remove subsidies for coal mining, Mr. Bedritsky said. "There are attempts by Western countries to influence the decisions already taken, such as the on the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in order to cool off specific agreed projects," according to Mr. Bedritsky. And that, in his opinion, is detrimental to the international climate community and undermines trust between the countries.
The Special and Scientific Programs Deputy Head of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russia (Roshydromet) Dinara Gershinkova talked about the main elements of Russia's stance in the UN climate negotiations. Among them, the expert noted the global participation of the countries in the agreement, special conditions for developing countries and emerging economies, as well as an interpretation that is adequate to the modern realities of the principle of common but differentiated responsibility. "It is important to determine the climate goals and national "baskets" of climate actions, based on the priorities of socio-economic development and on the basis of existing opportunities, including the availability of natural resources and development potential of low-carbon economy. In addition, it is necessary to provide the conditions for a wide implementation of the greenhouse gas emissions reduction technologies in developing and emerging economies," said the expert. Ms. Gershinkova also clarified that Roshydromet is a federal executive body responsible for guarantees of the participation of the Russian Federation in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.