The round table devoted to the formation of a sectoral system of measures on the contraction of usage, unintended production and environmentally friendly disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the production industry and the Fuel and Energy Sector of Russian took place at the Analytical Center.
"In conditions when the state is compelled to cut down budgets, the most popular action is the reduction of all articles for 5-10%. However it is necessary to understand that there are such tasks realization of which cannot wait, and there are also others, expenses on which can't be cut down," said the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Gleb Pokatovich opening the international round table devoted to protection against permanent organic pollution, and in particular PCBs.
The Director of the Center of the International industrial cooperation of UNIDO in the Russian Federation Sergey Korotkov reminded that in 2001 the Stockholm convention on resistant organic pollutants which Russia ratified in 2011 was adopted. The convention demands elimination of these dangerous wastes till 2028. PCBs belong to the 1st class of danger, create ozone holes, collect in the nature and get to food chains causing irreversible changes in live organisms.
Generally PCBs are contained in dielectric oils and easily transferred from polluted to free from PCB transformers through the service equipment. According to the senior consultant of UNIDO (Vienna, Austria) Valentin Ishchenko, such "infected" transformers are the most dangerous as they are handled without due care. By estimates, their quantity reaches 7-17%. Also Mr. Ishchenko reported that after accession of Russia to the Stockholm convention the research work on oils at the enterprises and the database compilation on the basis of which it will be possible to make a complete picture of PCBs existence in Russia began and therefore the destruction of this hazardous substance began as well. In particular, the eco responsibility was shown by the JSC Russian Railways, and in the joint project with UNIDO it carries out collecting samples of oils and testing transformers at the enterprises belonging to it.
The Head of the Department of the state ecological supervision of the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Natural Resource Use Natalya Sokolova noted that such ecological responsibility is shown by few enterprises, and implementation of the Stockholm convention requires a legislative base which is being prepared now and which part is already submitted to the Security council, the State Duma, the The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation and other federal executive authorities, concerning this problem in a varying degree. Ms. Sokolova hoped that there will be no delays in the documents' flow up the chain and the regulatory legal base will be accepted quickly and to the full extent.
The project on destruction of PCBs is estimated for 4,5 years, the Global Ecological Fund allocated 7,4 million dollars for its performance, the Russian State and UNIDO co-finance the project. The project has been lasting for a year, during the time the inventory took place, the centralized database which will be specified in process of coming into effect of the acts obliging the enterprises to follow the Stockholm convention is created. For now it is necessary to carry out the inventory of energy industries enterprises of which share of pollution of PCBs accounts for 27% , in the form of questioning, according to the Deputy CEO of the Federal State Budgetary Institution Russian Power Agency of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation Zukhra Galperina.
The cleaning and safe destruction of 3,8 tonnes of the polluted equipment will become the last part of the project