The round table on "Innovative Development Startegy: innovative ecosystem" took place at the Analytical Center, in which experts considered the concept of the innovative ecosystem and assessed its operation in Russia.
Experts discussed the possibility of building horizontal networking and communications, the main barriers to the creation of an innovative ecosystem, as well as the content of the Innovative Development Startegy, required for the formation of the innovative ecosystem.
"The Analytical Center forms the proposed Strategy of innovative development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020", said Vasily Pushkin, the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center. "We have already held two roundtables, devoted to goal-setting of the strategy and selection of priority sectors. Today we would like to discuss the innovation ecosystems."
During the event, representatives of the Russian Ministry of Finance and Economic Development of Russia told about the concept of the innovative ecosystem as a control instrument. The important points of the mechanism of planning, financing and support exports were discussed, risks and necessary measures were defined.
Natalia Smorodinskaya, the Head of the Section of international competitiveness and networking of the Institute of Economics of RAS, presented a report on global trends and realities of Russian innovative ecosystems. According to the expert, economic systems shift up to the nonlinear development and more complex design and network organization. "The new landscape is a set of local network environments, where different players interact on the basis of co-creation of platforms for innovation. Networking environments allow to create innovations collectively, with the online cooperation of members, which form a certain ecosystem of linkages", said Ms. Smorodinskaya. According to her, this leads to a new type of growth based on continuous innovation. The expert noted that no common definition of the ecosystem exists yet, but there are many different definitions with a single meaning. "Their idea is that the innovative ecosystem is a network space and new organizational integrity, designed for the production of innovations in the XXI century",she added.
Ms.Smorodinskaya also spoke about the cluster approach to increase national competitiveness, which is the most favorable for the creation and dissemination of innovations, among all ecosystems. This approach provides a macro-stability (online support) and institutional growth factors instead of the classic fiscal and credit macro-stimulators. "The transition to the horizontal logic of the world development is particularly complex for Russia, believes Ms.Smorodinskaya. It is impossible to get ahead without creating a competitive and, at the same time, connected affiliate environment. To start innovation processes we need to protect property rights, to dismantle the giant companies and build a massive system of platforms for dialogue between business and science."
Yevgeny Kuznetsov, the"RVC" Deputy Director General, described the experience of development of the elements of innovative ecosystemsin Russia. The expert believes that Russia faces serious challenges in the field of innovation. They include low innovative potential of companies and industries, small entrepreneurial activity and unfavorable business climate, lowest competitive ability of R&D in the public sector, limiting the demand for innovation and the fragmentation of innovative policy. "The business has significant problems at all stages of growth and development", said the expert. "And the proportion of industries with low potential for innovation is high in the structure of the Russian economy, so we have an old picture of industries, as well as the economy itself."