The round table “Strategy of innovative development: priority sectors’ selection” took place at the Analytical Center during which experts discussed domestic and foreign technological trends.
Opening the event the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Vasily Pushkin reminded that within the realization of tasks established in the protocol No. 7 of the Presidium of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation for modernization of the economy and innovative development of Russia dated December 19, 2014, the Analytical Center forms offers on updating of the Strategy of innovative development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020. "Last time at the round table we discussed the approach to formation of the purpose of strategy and didn't come to a consensus. Some experts believe that strategy has to reflect the approach to the ecosystem creation, others consider that it is necessary to choose priority branches and systematically develop them for receiving the maximum effect. There were also those who said that it was necessary to combine both the ecosystem and the branch sphere", Mr. Pushkin reminded. It is necessary to understand what branches need to be developed due to the fund raising and which of them can develop independently, according to him.
Mr. Pushkin also noted that at the end of last year the Analytical Center prepared the analytical note devoted to approaches and main results of development of high-tech industries of Russia. The expert of the Analytical Center Mikhail Gachegov talked in detail about results of monitoring of high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries. "We conducted this research for an assessment of current state and a definition of trends of the future. In the work we generally were guided by the technique of Rosstat", the expert said. According to him, Russia is on the 30th place among 37 countries chosen for the comparison on the relative indicator of costs of researches and development. "Based on the absolute indicator of expenses Russia takes the 8th place among 37. Generally costs of Russia for research and development ammount fot $24 billion. It turns out that in this direction Russia refers to "not really developed" countries", Mr. Gachegov stated. The expert noted that the Analytical Center also carried out the analysis of the patent activity as a result of which 3 leading countries were revealed by a number of patents, these are China, the USA and Japan. "These countries provide activities which differ from ours. They are focused on computer facilities and measuring devices, and Russia is occupied with the food chemistry. We establish this fact and we don't undertake to estimate it", Mr. Gachegov reported. Thus about a half of all expenses is spent for the priority directions, and all the development are generally financed by the state, about 88%, the expert noted adding that this tendency is also inherent only in Russia.
The Director of the business development of Frost & Sullivan Alexey Volostnov talked about perspective technologies of 2020. The neurocomputer interface, the 4D-printing, clever technological drugs, cognitive computer technologies, the wireless transfer of electricity, the technology on the basis of decanter, the accumulation and distribution of energy, flexible electronics, international trends in development of technology, nanobots and holography enter the ten of leading technologies of the future. "It is also impossible to forget that the industry and other branches are waiting for the automation and the non-human labour. This is one of main directions of the future", Mr. Volostnov told.
During the event experts noted that it is necessary to include social and educational technologies and agricultural industry in the strategy. According to other experts, attempts to allocate the main thing are wrong as all branches are interconnected and it is necessary to develop them as a single set. Also within discussion it was said that in Russia there is a strong lag in products connected with the intellectual activity.
Many experts agreed that the problem of innovative development consists not in finding separate cases but to trace prospects of branches in an ecological chain and to support whole directions at the level of highly qualified specialists. Thereby the foundation will be established which absence will make innovations impossible, stated the experts.