Analytical Center together with the World Wildlife Fund held a roundtable on “Integrated management of marine resources use in the Russian Federation”.
Opening the roundtable, the Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Vasily Pushkin noted that the topic of integrated management of marine resources use is interesting and important, that is why it enjoys a great attention at the government level and at the level of interagency cooperation.
Adviser to the Department for Research Works of the Analytical Center Aleksey Grigoriev said that now there is a growth in the volume and complexity of marine resources use, and thus appeared new ways of sea exploitation: mining (primarily hydrocarbons), laying of pipelines and cables, construction and development of the coast, tourism, recreation, etc. “At the present moment, there is a growing understanding of the need to combine the development plans for river basins, coastal and marine areas”, - said the expert. According to him, this can be achieved through marine territorial planning. Mr. Grigoryev said that following a meeting on the issue of effective and safe development of the Arctic, held on 5 June 2014, the President of the Russian Federation instructed the Government and the scientific and environmental non-governmental organizations to develop a pilot project for integrated management of natural resources use in the Arctic seas and implement it in the Russian territory of the Barents Sea.
“In my opinion, Russia is 13-15 years behind the developed countries in terms of management of marine resources use. In the U.S., for example, the first law on marine management was adopted in 1961”, - said the Adviser to the Department for State Investment Programs and Capital Investment of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development Yuri Mikhailichenko. According to him, there are two basic approaches to “managing the sea” - integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) and marine territorial planning (MTP). “You can go by different ways, by what will our country choose - is unclear, but given our experience, we must use the ICZM and then gradually move on to MTP” - believes the Adviser.
For the development of this industry, according to Mr. Mikhailichenko, you must first solve certain issues. “Within the Ministry, it is necessary to determine the federal executive authorities and who will be responsible for maritime activities. It is also imperative to determine the competence of the federal authorities and those of the subjects of the Russian Federation in regard to marine resources and to establish clear and transparent mechanisms for their distribution”, - he said.
During the event, a pilot project was also presented regarding integrated management of marine resources use for the Russian territory of the Barents Sea.
The roundtable was attended by representatives of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources, Russian Ministry of Economic Development, experts from environmental non-governmental organizations and academic institutions.