Analytical Center hosted a roundtable titled “Prospects for Russian exporting companies. Non-tariff restrictions”. Experts discussed the priority measures for an effective protection of domestic producers-exporters of goods and services.
Head of the Directorate for WTO Policies of the Analytical Center Inna Dudykina presented the main report. “Members of WTO systematically reduce all sorts of trade barriers while non-tariff restrictions are preferred because they don’t carry any tax burden for the population, - mentioned the expert. – These restrictions include licenses and certificates, sanitary and phytosanitary control, technical, quantitative, nomenclature and other restrictions”.
According to Ms. Dudykina there are 84 protective measures regarding Russian goods. EU, Ukraine and Belarus introduced the maximum number of barriers. Today we are as defendants, plaintiffs and third party in a number of international disputes. According to experts, the number of disputes in 2015, will increase due to the removal of several Russian barriers as provided by the terms of our country's accession to the WTO.
Director of International Law at MGIMO University Alexander Vylegzhanin, considers that a research base must be provided and theoretical and practical experience must be built in order to win regulatory disputes. “Plaintiffs in such disputes usually are U.S. and the EU, who are actively using legal culture to protect their interests. Russia should take this experience into consideration and use it to settle all international disputes, not only those in the WTO”, - proposed the expert. His opinion was supported by the Adviser to the Department of Economics and Finance at the Executive Office of the Government of the Russian Federation Andrey Ogryzov: “We should organize roundtables and analyze specific cases - it's interesting, useful and informative”. The government official also said that a Competence Center for protecting the interests of our exporters was created within the Ministry of Economic Development in winter. A similar center is already functioning within the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
Continuing the discussion, Director General at the Pipe Industry Development Foundation Oleg Kalinskiy said that industry competence centers should be established in order to build their own legal framework and practice, as well as the organizing the dialogue between business community and the government. They will interact with the ministerial competence centers with the purpose to consolidate the efforts to protect Russian exporters and removing trade barriers with third countries.
Experts also discussed the possibilities for an effective protection of domestic producers from technical barriers.