In the run-up to the ratification of the Paris climate change agreement the Analytical Center experts have analyzed changes in the emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere in Russia and around the world. The findings of the study were published in the new bulletin on the current trends in the Russian economy.
The authors write that the agreement shall regulate measures aimed at reducing the content of CO2 in the atmosphere from 2020, as well as measures aimed at containing the increase in the average global temperature within 1.5 degrees in 2100 compared to year 1900. Russia intends to ratify the Paris climate change agreement before the end of this year. Special attention is to be paid to measures to boost energy efficiency, which are seen as a key factor in reducing the amount of energy expenditures per unit of GDP as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
According to the experts, the total CO2 emissions around the world reached 33.9 billion tonnes in 2018. This is 2% greater than the year before and was a result of an increase in emissions in the developing countries, the experts point out. China has the greatest CO2 emissions, the US is in second place, followed by India, Russia and Japan.
CO2 emissions in Russia reached 1.6 billion tonnes in 2018. Over the past 6 years the share of emissions from mobile sources has been on the increase in this country, the authors of the bulletin write. While in 2012 they accounted for 39.5% of all emissions, by last year their share had gone up to 47.2%. Experts suggest this was caused by the growth of the automotive market in the country. If it continues to grow, containment of further growth in car emissions can be achieved by gradually introducing more modern vehicles, promoting CNG as an alternative car fuel and supporting e-vehicles.
The amount of emissions from stationary sources has by contrast gone down in recent years. This has been helped by upgrades of production facilities to boost their efficiency and environmental friendliness as well as the commissioning of new resource efficient capacity. Most greenhouse gas emissions occur in the power production sector, in 2017 they accounted for 78.9% of the total. However, the earth utilization and forestry sectors compensate for about 27% of the emissions occurring in the other sectors.
For more see the bulletin “Environment and the Economy: Changes in Atmospheric Emissions in the run-up to the Ratification of the Paris Climate Change Agreement”.
Other newsletters on current trends in the Russian economy can be found here.