Analytical Center hosted a meeting of the thematic subgroup devoted to environmental problems, which opened up a new stage of work of the Interdepartmental Working Group for the development of roadmap on the non-resource sector advancement.
Anastasia Alekhnovich, Head of the Expert Center under the Russian Presidential Commissioner for Entrepreneurs' Rights, explained that a series of meetings of thematic subgroups of the Interdepartmental Work Group is held on the instructions of the Russian President to elaborate solutions to eliminate systemic problems that hinder business development.
She believes that the key problems in the field of ecology are associated with the lack of a unified waste classification system and incentives for the population and businesses to collect waste separately. "Regulatory and supervisory authorities use outdated approaches to monitor waste recycling activities of domestic companies. Their priority is punishment rather than assistance and consultation, a fine rather than a tax rebate for technical re-equipment," Ms. Alekhnovich added. According to the expert, none of the adopted economic incentives for waste management actually works, and the standards for calculating the formation of MSW do not take into account the specifics of economic activities of enterprises, which leads to unreasonable fees for garbage disposal.
When developing recommendations on reforming the waste management system, experts turned to international experience in implementing similar programs. "Each country independently develops road maps and sets targets," Ms. Alekhnovich explained. "However, by 2030, the pan-European targets envisage the processing of 65% of municipal waste and 75% of packaging waste. In this case, the dumping of separately collected waste should be prohibited."
The experts concluded that the experience and target indicators used in the European Union were not fully suitable for Russia. In their opinion, our country should focus on the experience of Canada, Australia, and the USA. In particular, it is about ensuring "reasonable welfare", i.e. creating a healthy economy, a healthy environment and a high quality of life.
Experts say that the key goal of reforming the waste management industry is to solve the problems related to illegal landfills and landfills near metropolises in the short term. In the medium term, it is necessary to develop a roadmap of the economically successful environmentally sound waste management.