"Climatic policy is one of the most important issues of the global agenda in the context of ratification of the Paris Climate Change Agreement not only for Russia but also for the entire world," said Alexander Kurdin, Head of Research at the Department for the Fuel and Energy Sector and Housing and Public Utilities of the Analytical Center, as he opened the round table "Russian Fuel and Energy Sector and Climatic Policy: Overview of Main Challenges and Possible Solutions".
During the round table, the experts of the Analytical Center provided the results of the survey on the future development of climatic policy and its influence to the Fuel and Energy Sector in Russia. The round table participant list included representatives of regulatory authorities, expert and environmental organisations as well as coal-extracting, gas and oil producing and generating companies. The respondents tried to determine priority problems of the industry, medium-term and long-term targets and develop proposals on completion and correction of regulation.
"The climatic policy is being formed worldwide," Irina Pominova, Deputy Head of the Department for Fuel, Energy and Housing Utilities of the Analytical Center noted. For this country, the year 2019 will become crucial both in terms of adoption of national policy and ratification of the Paris Agreement.
According to her, the survey results showed that the representatives of the Fuel and Energy Sector expect inertial or moderate policy development both in the world and in Russia. And in the long-term period, the respondents expect more progressive measures and decisions. "Most of controversies are connected with the mechanisms for the implementation of climatic policy," Ms. Pominova added. "In the context of budgetary restrictions in Russia, we have to choose what and how to support. The survey participants emphasized gas sector, alternative renewable energy sources, hydroenergetics, and nuclear technologies." At the same time, the representative of traditional energy sector most commonly argue against the renewable energy sources support measures, while the alternative energy sector players say the administrative measures must be considered in the context of the economy in general.
The expert noted that, under uncertain national climatic policy, all the respondents suggest the need for transparent game rules which will meet national interests. The participants of the discussion agreed that the position of Russia within the frameworks of the Paris Agreement must be flexible, and the obligations taken must be voluntary.
"First of all, our task is to promote national targets and technological development of the country within the existing climatic situation on the planet. Under present circumstances, our climatic policy must be adapted to the climatic changes," Larisa Korepanova, Deputy Director of the Department of Competition, Energy Efficiency and Ecology of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation explained.