Thanks to the new data exchange standard, the development of which is assumed by the Russian National Data Management System (NDMS), the processing of important information for the development of the Arctic will be taken to a new level.
"The National Data Management System will allow solving problems of data exchange in the Arctic and become a new driver for its development," Ivan Fost, the expert of the Analytical Center, said at the round-table "National Data Management System and the implementation of the Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation."
The NDMS assumes the development of data exchange standards: development of common requirements for their quality. "The key postulate is that there should be one responsible person and there should be personal responsibility, one data entry, and the possibility of the multiple use to avoid the false data appearance," he noted.
Fost said that standardization would begin with the structuring of the existing regulatory background and existing state registers. "This year, we focus on the development of legal acts. A number of GOST standards are being created, and in order to take all these initiatives into account in the legislation, it is planned to issue a Federal Law on the National Data Management System. The focus will be on the data standard," he said.
The representative of the Analytical Center explained that the new NDMS standards would allow solving three blocks of issues that will contribute to the successful implementation of the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
The first block assumes description of common requirements for the formation and transmission of data for hydrometeorological, oceanographic, and navigational information. The second one assumes adjustment of the current regulatory framework in the field of data management and use. And the third one will allow creating an environment for the data exchange and enrichment in the future.
Sergei Zubkov, Executive Director of the Vizard Platform, told about the barriers for data and services integration in providing information and technology support of activities in the Arctic. According to him, the main difficulties with data exchange arise in the following four directions: when determining the main parameters of the ice objects, forecasting the spreading of ice massifs, modeling the drift of individual ice bodies, and the locating the specialized beacons.
Nikita Kuprikov, Chairman of the Technical Committee for Standardization of Rosstandart, recalled that the task of creating a comprehensive information and telecommunications infrastructure for the provision of services (Internet, TV, communications, etc.) to the governmental authorities, individuals, and legal entities is officially spelled out in the "Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and national security up to 2020."
According to him, thus, in a broad sense, the NDMS is aimed at improving competitiveness. "There are many tasks, and in this regard, it is necessary to form a unified approach to their implementation," Kuprikov concluded.