Most effective international and Russian approaches towards implementation of human development programs, factors retraining human capital development in Russian regions as well as mechanisms for the implementation of human development projects and programs were discussed during the international applied science seminar "Human Capital Development in the Russian Federation – Problems and Approaches at the National and Regional Levels" held in the Analytical Center.
"The president's decree establishes quite ambitious goals, and those national projects which are being implemented now will surely help achieve a result. But as many experts say, the national projects is just a part of the plan. And our task is to reveal other practices including international ones," Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Mikhail Pryadilnikov said while opening the discussion.
According to Andras Horvai, the World Bank's Country Director and Resident Representative for the Russian Federation, Russia is one of the leaders in educational achievement indicators. "We are also talking about the increase of the population's, primary manhood, life duration, twofold poverty reduction by 2040. These are ambitious but achievable goals," Horvai added.
The expert explained that according to the results of recent researches, up to 2/3 of the total wealth of the nation is provided exactly by human capital. Investments to education significantly influence the economic growth. And over the last years Russia increases expenses for this sphere.
With that, in the opinion of the expert community, in the modern economy context, it is important to improve digital literacy of school students, develop their communicative and social skills, pay attention to pre-school and out-of-school education, stimulate continuous education and inform citizens about effective approaches in education and involve parents in educational processes.
The round table participants discussed the challenges faced by the healthcare system — increase of the lifetime and natural increase of the population. "How to help people overcome chronic diseases and cure many illnesses and at the same time have a good life quality are the essential problems we are to deal with," noted Ruslan Emtsov, Head of Programs at the World Bank. The experts came to a conclusion that to meet the challenges, it is necessary to establish a complex multi-sector interaction between different social services to provide assistance to low-income persons, coordinate work of specialists from different areas of medicine in order to make quicker and more accurate decisions, develop an information field which shall serve as a basis for exchange of experience and knowledge.
The round table participants also noted that the improvement of social indicators requires levelling out major differences between the level of development of Russian regions. The Chief Adviser to the Head of the Analytical Center Leonid Grigoriev noted that the human development index in our country grows in developed regions: Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Moscow region. "Here, in the centre, a growing number of population is concentrated, as well as complex production facilities and jobs. Naturally, the human development index persistently grows here," Mr. Grigoriev explained.
To balance the situation, the experts suggested forming a pool of successful practices, both international and regional with an opportunity of experience exchange.