Amendments to Federal Law No. 54-FZ regarding the public transport fares should come into force in Russia on July 1, 2019. Experts at the round table in the Analytical Center discussed how innovations would affect the passenger carriers.
"Changes in Federal Law No. 54-FZ "On the Application of Cash Register Equipment in Settlements in the Russian Federation" requires that cash registers be used for selling tickets in public transport. It is assumed that this measure will de-shadow the transport sector. The bill passed the first readings, but we need to assess the possible risks and find a way to minimize them," explained Marina Labozina, the Head of the Department for Legal Expertise of the Analytical Center.
Subject to the new rules, the carrier must use cashless payment terminals or issue cash vouchers for fare payments by passengers. In this case, the cashier's desk must be on board the vehicle. The participants of the round table noted that some regions use various fare payment options, including non-cash payments, however integration of such requirements into the Federal Law may have a negative effect. According to the carriers, today the available cash registers do not meet the public transport specifics. Thus, the spokesmen from the Krasnodar Krai anticipate that the use of the proposed fiscal equipment would significantly increase the time to pay for travel and trip duration. This will lead to traffic jams and growth in the number of road traffic accidents. The carriers of the Novosibirsk Oblast said that this equipment could malfunction under severe frost. This will create problems for all road users. Carriers in St. Petersburg say that because of the specifics of their city, certain sections of the road lack stable mobile communication, which means it is be impossible to use portable terminals there.
Moreover, the purchase of fiscal equipment will cause additional costs for the entrepreneurs and reduce the profitability of transportation, which may affect the cost of travel.
The carriers propose to postpone adoption of changes to the law until the cash register manufacturers present an effective solution taking into particular conditions of each region. This position is supported by regional authorities that anticipate that the changes in the law would limit ability to control passenger traffic and reduce quality of services.
"In view of the specifics of the transport industry, we propose to establish a transition period when the regions will be able to test technical solutions taking into account the speed of passenger service and the convenience of cash registers. We would like the legislator to establish requirements for the systems since in most regions they have already been implemented in different forms and great sums of money have already been spent on their installation," said Svyatoslav Ivanov, Deputy Minister of Transport of the Moscow Oblast.
Experts believe that regulatory measures should not apply to carriers during the initial period.