The Analytical Center held the expert meeting titled "Tools for Stimulating Demand for Electric Vehicles". Vladislav Onishchenko, First Deputy Head of the Analytical Center, noted that although the topic of electric vehicles may not frequently occur on the government agenda, it does not make it less important. "We are interested in forming competencies in this market," said Onishchenko. "I would like to consider leasing, car loans, auto insurance, other financial instruments that could contribute to stimulating demand for electric vehicles."
The situation with electric cars in Russia and the world was described by Grigoriy Mikryukov, Head of the Department for Sectors of Economy of the Analytical Center. "The largest market of electric vehicles is today in China, while their share is less than 1.5%," the expert said. "In Russia, a little more than 1,000 cars are in operation, by 2025 a park of about 50,000 units is expected and sales – approximately 25,000 units per year".
According to Mikryukov, electric cars are rather expensive, and therefore countries use various instruments to support consumer demand. These include subsidies, grants, tax benefits, free parking, discounts on toll roads, low rates on credit and leasing. Insurance companies offer preferences under the "green package". Also, all countries are working towards the development of the charging infrastructure.
Vyacheslav Zhigalov, Chairman of the Guild of Automotive Entrepreneurs, said that Russia is among the world leaders in penetrating the market of financial instruments (loans, leasing programs, etc.) and wondered what the point of supporting this market is, in addition to reducing the environmental burden. "With government support we can distract the client from buying cars of localized production, which is hardly interesting to the state. What is the effectiveness of such state costs? We must clearly answer this question, considering the sad experience of hybrids, which practically left the market due to lack of demand, and should explain to the consumer whу electric cars are better than usual cars. Their high price is a fact, and low operating costs is still only a guess," he said.
Iya Gordeeva, Chairman of the Association for Developing Electromobile, Unmanned and Connected Transport and Infrastructure, insists that the operating costs during the life cycle of the electric vehicle will be reduced. Representatives of foreign manufacturers agreed with this. Igor Antarov, General Director of Moscow Tesla Club LLC, added that everywhere in the world one can take out a loan not only for a car but also for a battery, and Mikhail Vakhrushev, Manager of Nissan Manufacturing RUS LLC, added that after an 8-year warranty period for the battery, which is also quite a long period, its capacity reduces only by 25%.
Tatiana Gorovaya, Director for Interaction with the Government and Authorities at Nissan Manufacturing RUS, reported that large investments have already been made in the production of electric vehicles in the world, and these models are recognized as priority for the future.
"The development strategy for the automotive industry until 2025 factored an underrun, which is normal, since average incomes in Russia are too low to buy expensive electric cars. In this regard, the state will continue to financially support the production, primarily of electric buses," clarified Rustam Abulmambetov, Head of the Department for Analysis and Monitoring of Sectoral Documents of Strategic Planning of the Department for Sectors of Economy Development of the Ministry of Economic Development.
In the continuation of the discussion, Gorovaya also drew attention to one absolute advantage of this type of cars – their noiselessness, and offered to implement a pilot project similar to the London taxi in one of the Russian cities.