On December 13–14, the Analytical Center hosted a conference titled "Reform of Control and Supervisory Activities: First Results and New Challenges," where more than 200 representatives of public authorities, the business and expert community discussed the progress of implementing the ongoing reform of control and supervisory activities.
During the plenary session, Minister Mikhail Abyzov and representatives of 4 federal ministries summed up the results of the first year of the reform. According to Abyzov, an efficient team for implementing the reform was built over the course of the year: "The main outcome of 2017 is the creation of a highly-efficient professional project team, which consists of federal ministries and top-level government agencies, which determine state policy, and control and supervisory agencies. This is the new format of project management, based on the versatile cooperation between those who set tasks and those who implement them. We estimate the formal results as quite good as well. The main goals we set for 2017 were achieved."
The engagement of the business community in the work on reducing mandatory requirements and mapping corruption risks was said to be "unprecedented." Hundreds of proposals made by certain entrepreneurs allowed the team to take into account their interests and to eliminate unnecessary demands. This should be the foundation for building a partnership model of government-business relations.
Having set the scene this year, the reform team is preparing to work even more intensively in 2018. Mikhail Abyzov spoke about their plans to launch a "regulatory guillotine", which will minimize mandatory requirements. "The reduction of mandatory requirements is our most important and difficult project," he stressed.
In his turn, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Russia Savva Shipov highlighted the regional development of the reform among the priorities: "We should provide regions with some guidance. Regional supervisory bodies should follow the same path as the federal ones."
In addition, the Analytical Centre presented the results of "zero" measurements of two indices, which will allow to monitor the dynamic process of the reform. These are the Administrative Burden on Business Index and the Quality of Administration of Control and Supervisory Bodies Index. The first index showed that the most painful problems for entrepreneurs are irrelevant mandatory requirements, excessive reporting, and controversial law enforcement practices. Having said that, in general, the positive feedback prevails over the negative one.
The key issues and directions of the reform were discussed in more detail during the discussion sessions. During the roundtable discussion on the Optimization of the Supervisory Bodies Requirements, World Bank expert Florentin Blanс spoke about the international experience of regulatory audit. The discussion also touched upon the practical application of checklists in Russia and the ways they could be further improved. The experts agreed that checklists are far from being perfect, at the moment, and new tools are needed to increase the effectiveness of revision and reduction of requirements, in particular, the conversion of checklists into digital form.
Another topic of the conference was the introduction of information technologies into the work of control and supervisory bodies. New technologies, such as big data, not only provide great opportunities, but also set new tasks for the entire state control system.
Head of the Federal Service for Surveillance in Healthcare Mikhail Murashko explained that the use of big data allows one to analyze various information — from medical practice to social networks, which in the future will allow, say, to regulate doctors' burden or develop recommendations for patients.
In conclusion, Head of the Federal Accreditation Service Alexei Khersontsev called on the participants to forget about the "analog" logic and to "loosen one's grip": "The system we have right now is too rigid to start changing. If every change in Google had to be made through the United States Congress, there would be no Google."