The bill on state and municipal control and supervision, which has spent over 2 years in development in the Open Government format with active participation of Analytical Center experts, is going to be submitted to the State Duma by mid-November. That's according to Mikhail Abyzov, the curator of the state supervision reform and Minister of the Russian Federation, who spoke to the media after parliamentary hearings about the bill that took place in the State Duma on October 19.
"The government got a positive opinion from the Chief legal department on the bill. This means we are now going to try and submit it to the legislative commission in a week, that is on November 7 and then the government will be able to discuss it on November 10-11 so that work on the bill can then continue with the State Duma. We plan to submit it to the State Duma by mid-November," Mr. Abyzov said.
Reducing the administrative burden is the goal to be striving for through improvements in means of control and supervision, stressed Maxim Oreshkin, Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, as he presented the bill to the deputies. "We suggest fixing a set of control measures that can tackle a broad range of tasks using modern technologies. We've also included in it a detailed description of the rights guaranteed for subjects being supervised. Not only does the bill close gaps in the existing regulations, but also specifies avenues for future development of the control and supervision system. We've taken a long time to prepare this document: there were a lot of discussions, numerous comments and suggestions. As a result we were able to reach a compromise on numerous issues, but the work on the bill needs to be continued," Mr. Oreshkin said.
The bill identifies public and municipal control and supervision authorities as well as the key terms and a list of basic types of state supervision. Supervisory authorities will have to make provisions for each type of control and supervision and approve lists of mandatory requirements before they can conduct any audits. The bill also makes check lists mandatory: check lists are lists of control questions that inspectors must be guided by when conducting audits. Public check lists will allow businesses to check independently how well they are following all the safety requirements.
The main innovation of the bill is the introduction of risk management systems in all supervisory agencies. The main tool for reducing pressure on law abiding businesses will be the refocusing of control towards high risk objects as well as people and organizations that systematically violate the law. Companies referred to a low risk category and complying with the law will no longer be subject to scheduled audits.
Major companies generally support the project, planning to make additional comments on it by its second reading in parliament.
"The bill is of vital importance for the entire business community in our country but there is a couple of conceptual issues to seek compromise on in parliament," believes Alexander Kalinin, the President of "Opora Rossiy" organisation.
In regions people are expecting the bill to pass as well. The first item on the agenda of the Kaliningrad Region governor was the creation of a Ministry for Control and Supervision in the region, noted acting deputy prime minister of the region Alexander Shenderuk-Zhidkov. The idea is to create a single information center to collect all data on audits. This would eliminate the overlap in control and supervision functions, the expert explained.
Some 250 people took part in the parliamentary hearings: MPs, representatives of business associations and executive authorities, experts and journalists. The participants of the discussion agreed that the bill takes into account many comments and proposals that came from the business community and that it much better balances the interests of business and those of supervisory authorities. The remaining issues should be taken into account during the work on the document in State Duma and its preparation for the next reading.