The bulk of the greenhouse gas emissions in Russia comes from the energy sectorThe Analytical Center hosted a round table titled Environment and Economy: reducing the Russia's air pollution, devoted to the August bulletin on the current trends in the Russian economy. The experts discussed the trends in contaminant emissions from stationary and mobile sources in 2000-2016 and presented the statistics on greenhouse gas emissions.
Analytical Center expert Vlada Brilliantova reviewed the trends in greenhouse gas emissions. The specialist noted that with regard to the key international trends 2016 saw a reduction in emissions in China, Europe and the US as their energy sectors transitioned from coal to natural gas while the emissions in Japan and Russia remained at the same level. At the same time, emissions in a number of developing countries continue to increase at an accelerated pace, specifically in India. "The bottom line is that the increase in the greenhouse gas emissions by the developing countries exceeds the reduction we're seeing in the developed countries," Ms. Brilliantova said. In Russia, the main drivers behind the changes in greenhouse gas emissions are the overall economic development trends, the changes in the energy efficiency and composition of the fuel and energy balance of the country as well as the year to year variations in temperature that result in variations in energy consumption.
The expert also noted that in Russia the bulk of greenhouse gas emissions, 83 % in 2015, come from the energy sector and that since 1990 its contribution to total emissions has increased somewhat. "Emissions come from extraction, primary processing, carriage and the use of fossil fuels and the products made from them," the specialist said.
As for the total emissions of contaminants, they started falling in 2007, noted the Analytical Center expert Victoria Pavlushina. "Between 2005 and 2014, Russia's emissions of contaminants were falling. This was a result of restructuring the industry against a backdrop of low global commodity prices, which prompted companies to cut back production at less profitable facilities," the specialist said. According to the expert, the situation is being exacerbated by car exhaust fumes, which increased by 8.2 % between 2010 and 2016. "This happened because the country went through an automotive boom," Ms. Pavlushina said. "Today the share of automotive exhaust in total emissions in Russia has increased to 45.1 %."