"The Analytical Center is integrating science and practice to come up with measures that various cities and regions might find useful to prepare and implement climate change response plans and programs," Analytical Center expert Evgeny Gasho said at a plenary session of the Climate Change Forum of Russian cities.
According to Mr Gasho, the most important of such recommendations is to improve energy efficiency and reduce the amount of industrial waste and those are the objectives to be achieved by the set of measures aimed at introducing the best available technologies in practice. The integrated approach means that a systems approach should also be used when it comes to urban vegetation: whereas in technology adaption costs an order of magnitude more than potential losses, in case of vegetation the contrary is true: the cost of adaptation is only a fourth of the possible damages that can be incurred.
"Economic estimates suggest that the main adaptation measure is not just simply maintaining the quantity but also keeping up the quality and connectedness of all the types of the green infrastructure of a city," Mr Gasho noted.
However, the most important thing, according to the expert, is that the bulk of all the economic losses incurred as a result of climate change in major cities may result in irreparable damages to the population (increased morbidity and mortality as well as various indirect losses).
Mr Gasho believes that the stability of a country as big as Russia is in the diversity of its regions. The adaptation and development priorities differ greatly between the Urals, Saint Petersburg, Crimea, and the Far East. "It's important that we keep track of and share the experience that various regions have in the development and adaptation of their major urban areas and mobilization of their resources at a new technological, intellectual, informational, and communicative level," the expert summed up.
Picture from open sources