State control and supervision reform is being clarified

20 july 2017

The Analytical Center held a conference on "State Control and Supervisory Activities". The reform is one of the main strategic development trends in the Russian Federation and a priority program, implementation of which is based on the principles of project management. The conference opened with an expanded meeting of the Project Committee.

"The reform involves sweeping changes to the existing processes," stated the Head of the Analytical Center and the priority program manager Konstantin Noskov. "I would like to point out its organizational aspect: it operates on the principles of project management; a project office that coordinates the work of all participants has been established at the Analytical Center. Similar structures, being in fact departmental project offices, were created in the participating government agencies. Generating new ideas and making decisions is the common task of all teams, which is a fundamentally new paradigm for the work of government agencies."

The keynote speech was delivered by the Minister of the Russian Federation and senior official of the priority project Mikhail Abyzov. The minister reported on the progress of the reform and announced two methods for measuring its effectiveness being under consideration. "Our main goal in implementing these methods is to create a common foundation, a shared coordinate system, so that we can clearly see, using this objective barometer, what we are doing right and when we are a bit off the track. The crucial thing is that our partners, entrepreneurs and businesses, should evaluate this with us," he said. "For this we need parameters that will allow us to see the overall picture, including how the program is being implemented in each ministry."

The reform involves sweeping changes to the existing processes. It operates on the principles of project management which is a fundamentally new paradigm for the work of government agencies

Konstantin Noskov, Head of the Analytical Center and the priority program manager

Mikhail Abyzov pointed out the new format of working with businesses — through creating Public & Business councils with high levels of competence and responsibility, which today play a key role in the implementation of the reform. Among the objectives of the next stage is the development of a risk-based model for the organization of unplanned events and the prioritization of mandatory requirements included in check-lists," said Mr. Abyzov.

The minister reported that the Prime Minister had instructed the government to establish Commission for the Certification of the Heads of Control and Supervisory Agencies, which should be considered as the beginning of the introduction of a new appointment and training format for personnel in this field.

The Deputy Head of the Analytical Center and the project office manager Mikhail Pryadilnikov described the program's main information source, its website. There, one can find the reform updates and news. The site's functionality is to be extended next year; also, several new mobile applications for entrepreneurs and inspectors will be developed.

Sergey Plaksin, Deputy Director of Institute for Public Administration and Governance at the HSE, described in detail the methodology for calculating the quality index of the control and supervisory activities administration, developed by the Analytical Center in conjunction with the Higher School of Economics. The index is calculated on the basis of an expert evaluation of 57 indicators, grouped into five categories — smart control, transparent and understandable control, reducing costs for businesses, reducing costs for the state, supporting professional and honest inspectors. "The index is aimed at helping the control and supervisory authorities," said Mr. Plaksin. "It is not going to be implemented right away. Firstly, a pilot evaluation will be made."

Tumun Tsydypov, the head of the Department for Institutional Development at the Analytical Center, and the project office deputy manager, presented the methodology for calculating the index of reduction of administrative burden on organizations and individuals involved in business activities. "The tool is aimed at digitizing and measuring data to achieve the reform objectives," he explained. It will be calculated on the basis of a representative quota survey of the business community and will help to provide the most accurate picture of the work of the 12 supervisory agencies participating in the program. A pilot test is scheduled for the period from August 7 to September 14.

Our main goal in implementing these methods is to create a common foundation, a shared coordinate system, so that we can clearly see, using this objective barometer, what we are doing right and when we are a bit off the track

Mikhail Abyzov, Minister of the Russian Federation and senior official of the priority project

The participants of the conference commented on both presentations and made their suggestions on how to improve the methods. Alexander Shokhin, the Chairman of the Public & Business Council, and the President of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, pointed out that the methodology for calculating the reduction of administrative burden is the result of in-depth interviews with business representatives and worked out quite well. "What is important is the dynamics of change in the supervisory pressure on businesses through the objective parameters set in the methodology," Mr. Shokhin said and confirmed that he is ready to hold expert sessions to promote the reform.

Plenary sessions were held at the end of the meeting. Florentin Blanc, World Bank Group consultant, shared some global practices with the audience and presented a comparative analysis of the control and supervision system in the UK, Germany and France. He stressed that compliance with the norms do not necessarily guarantee an increase in income, and that a law-abiding entrepreneur is exposed to different factors, including those of ethical and political nature.

The Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus Dmitry Bartashevich reported on the control and supervision innovations in his country, i.e. the decree that "establishes a uniform procedure for the planning, appointment and conduct of checks based on the presumption of the integrity of the subject and the division of the inspected subjects into three risk groups".

Andrey Kuznetsov, CEO at SIMURG, presented his process optimization strategy: "We just need to make three simple steps that will cost us literally nothing. The first step is to get a ready-made list of system errors. The second is to find these errors in each of your units. The last is to fix them, using standard solutions. Thus, you will get visible results with no large investments involved." According to the expert, the main problem is bureaucracy.

During the second day of the conference, two round tables were held, dedicated to the development and use of check lists, and optimization of operational of operational and functional processes in the activities of control and supervisory agencies; a master class on the optimization of business processes in the public sector was given.