“Each country has its own path as far as building a digital economy is concerned, and yet it goes without saying that other countries’ experience in this respect does need to be analyzed and considered”, said First Deputy Director General of the Analytical Center Vladislav Onischenko in his address opening the round-table discussion titled “Practical Aspects of Developing a Digital Economy and a Digital Government: Lessons To Be Learnt from Global Experience”.
Vladislav Onischenko believes that this matter should be handled through a multipronged approach: not only through developing the infrastructure and digital services, but also through creating a standard technologies database, with other aspects also being taken into account.
Digitalization has been actively discussed on a world-wide level these past years, declares the Program Coordinator at the World Bank Oleg Petrov. The expert pointed out that last year saw the presentation of the 2016 Global Development Report “Digital Dividends” hosted by the Analytical Center.
The key role here is played by the State, Mr. Petrov believes. “There are countries which see digital economy as being of little significance; still, in others this issue is dealt with through centralization. It is up to every single country to make its choice in the matter” the expert concludes. Of no lesser significance is the role of a digital government. “In many countries a digital economy and a digital government do exist, yet these are separated from each other. However, the recent tendency is for them to merge”, says Mr. Petrov.
The expert also noted the significance of two factors: a pro-active stance of the leader and cyber security issues. “Cyber attacks have become a routine in the recent years, which creates serious challenges for progress of digitalization”, he said. A similar opinion was voiced by the Managing Director of DAKA advisory AB Kim Andreasson. “Cyber security is a global phenomenon, which becomes a major challenge for any organization. This problem should be tackled at all levels, both internationally and regionally,” explained the expert.
Speakers taking part in the panel discussion included international experts from the US, Sweden and South Korea. Professor of Information Technology Management at the American University Gwanhoo Lee believes that the government should play an essential role in accelerating the development of the “Internet of Things” and in eliminating barriers. As he claims, there are five principles as far as policy and governance go: development of a coherent and coordinated structure, choice of an easy approach in operations, management based on factual data, technology neutrality, and a lack of regulations or requirements for specific countries.