According to the 2016 results, the Republic of Tatarstan, Omsk and Voronezh Oblasts are three leaders of the rating of heads of regions in terms of the level of assistance in development of competition. The Republic of Tyva, Tver and Kirov Oblasts are last in the rating. The rating is an independent evaluation of the quality of the system for promotion to competition development, established by governors and their teams, and quality of the work performed in this area.
This is the second evaluation of regional heads’ contribution to competition development. The rating is prepared by the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation. The data for it have been submitted by regions upon agreement with the Agency for Strategic Initiatives.
In 2016, the rating covered all the regions, though in 2015 only 82 out of 85 territorial entities were covered. According to the 2016 rating results, the highest grades in terms of the level of promotion of competition development belonged to the Republic of Tatarstan, Omsk, Voronezh, Moscow Oblasts and Chuvashia. The lowest grades were shared by the Republic of Tyva, Tver and Kirov Oblasts.
What assistance in competition development is rendered by the regional authorities, how the provisions of the relevant standard are fulfilled, which difficulties are faced by the regions – these and other issues have been discussed by participants of the workshop held at the Analytical Center.
The rating's authors believe that the main thing the rating is needed for is to help regions develop competition. In doing this, it is important that the authorities not only fulfil the standard's provisions as a mere formality, but strive for a positive effect from the actions taken. The experts think that there is no difficulty in fulfilling the standard's provisions. In actual fact, it is a step-by-step work, which is not too much for many people. In future, the procedure for evaluation of regions for the purpose of the rating may be changed, and the main focus will be not on a formal fulfilment of indicators, but on quality and positive consequences of the measures taken.
Nevertheless, based on the 2016 results of the rating, the experts note that in the regions there are problems with implementation of the standard. "The analysis shows that, generally, the main difficulties and deficiencies, faced by the regions in implementing the standard in 2015, remained in the reporting period,' the experts recognize. As before, there are gaps in producing road maps, lack of actual implementation of the mechanism of public control over activities of natural monopolies.
However, there are some positive changes. For example, at least 75 territorial entities improved the quality of their local governance through training. There is also an increase in the number of regions submitting for review the information about creation of the rating of municipal entities in terms of promotion to competition development and provision of conditions for favorable investment climate. The regions have started to assist more intensively in disclosure of information about activities of natural monopolies and to monitor their activities. The experts are of the opinion that this is one of the most complex procedures of the standard.
It should be reminded that the implementation of the competition development standard in the territorial entities of the Russian Federation began in 2015. The standard is one of the key tools for formulation and implementation of the competition policy at the regional level. This is a step-by-step instruction for executive authorities to establish procedures for implementation of this policy. The activities for promotion of competition development based on the standard are taken into consideration in evaluating the efficiency of heads of regions and regional executive authorities.