Analytical Center expert Victoria Pavlushina presented a report on the UN Sustainable Development Goals and Inequality in the Russian Regions at the Sustainable Development of Russian Cities and Regions round-table that took place at the National Research Institute of the Higher School of Economics, and looked at the role of external sustainable development, environmental protection, and energy efficiency indicators (ratings and indices.)
The expert presented a report published by the Analytical Center on the human development in the Russian Federation in 2016 and talked about the features of the Human Development Index that the Analytical Center calculates on an annual basis and includes in the Report.
"The main goal for calculating the human development index, which the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation calculates after the United Nations Development Program, is to allow analysts to not only to focus on comparing the purely economic development indicators between countries and regions but to also take into account the difference in the level and quality of life and the development of the human capital," Ms. Pavlushina said. "The average human development index around the world is 0.711, which is significantly lower than the 0.798 figure for Russia."
The expert noted that since the early 2000s Russia's human development index has been on the rise both for the country as a whole and in the regions.
Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and the Tumen Oblast remain leaders in terms of the human development index. The Chechen Republic, the Jewish Autonomous Oblats, and the Republic of Tyva keep struggling on this metric. The Republic of Tyva and the Jewish Autonomous Oblasr have rather low life expectancy. The Chechen Republic is low on this measure because of a rather low per capita gross regional product. Several regions managed to significantly improve their human development index but there are also those that have gone downhill in this rating. It should be noted, however, that the regions that lost their positions in the rating did so not because their human development index fell but because the HDI in the neighboring regions has been growing much faster.