Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Yury Urlichich was the moderator at the Science and Technology Innovative Development in the Aviation and Aerospace Defense Industry in the Russian Federation section organized by the Analytical Center within the Infospace Innovative Technologies Forum.
At the start of the event Mr. Urlichich told the participants that at the moment legislative amendments were almost ready to regulate pricing in such a way as to prevent companies working under state defense contracts giving up all their profits to the customer.
Yulia Antokhina, rector of the Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Engineering, raised the issue of skilled labor for the aerospace industry. "It would be nice if university graduates already came equipped with all the knowledge and skills they need for the workplace so companies would not have to retrain them on the job," Ms. Antokhina said.
Alexander Nebylov, distinguished scientist of the Russian Federation and CEO of ZAO MIPAKT-Millennium Holding, made a presentation on innovative methods for designing surface effect vehicles and air boats. Having talked about the features of the two types of vehicles, the professor noted: "I am sure it is high time we resume building surface effect vehicles as they offer a slew of advantages in both military and civilian applications". He then went on to say that they already had some air boat designs ready for production process engineering. Mr. Nebylov believes these vehicles can perform a broad range of tasks more efficiently than the more traditional types of boats. His colleague Sukrit Sharan talked about the characteristics of the air boat their company had designed, making special note of the fact that it outperforms the air boats built in the US today by a number of parameters.
Gazprom Space Systems CEO Nikolai Sevastianov presented a detailed report on the commercialization of space exploration in Russia. He estimates that the global market of space services has a volume of about $186 billion. These services include communications, broadcasting (a small niche), navigation and observation of the earth. According to the expert, one problem that the space services segment faces is that building satellites takes a relatively long time of about 5 years and that creates problems with getting a return on investments and the need for state subsidies. "If we want to develop commercialization in this field, we need to reduce the lead time and raise loans," Mr. Sevastianov is sure.
Speaking about the development of electronics in Russia, IMOTEK CEO Igor Khazov noted that the share of imported electronic components used by local electronics manufacturers is still very high, but the military industrial complex is helping to change this situation. "Developing domestic electronics manufacturing will help secure information storage," the expert summed up.
Deputy Chair of the State Duma Committee for Industry Pavel Dorokhin presented information about new laws and laws currently under development that are aimed at supporting the development of innovations in industry, including in the aerospace industry.
"The world is entering the 4th stage of technological development," said United Aviation Corporation CEO Vladimir Kargopoltsev. "This is a transition to global digitization, a common technology and information space. Science based technologies now serve as the main development driver, so it is now of utmost importance that we ensure effective innovations, improvements in business processes and learn how to process large amounts of data." Mr. Kargopoltsev noted it was necessary to reduce aircraft lead time by several orders of magnitude and to achieve that completely new technologies were needed that United Aviation Corporation was currently working on. "At the same time an equally important task is protecting our intellectual property and that is something that unlike the West we do not yet have an effective algorithm for," the expert believes.