Secondary vocational education system took the path of reforms

4 april 2017

Amid economic globalization and international cooperation development, secondary vocational education (SVE) is transforming all over the world. Right before our eyes new professions and jobs are emerging while some others are disappearing, getting out of date, with the transformation speed increasing year on year, according to the experts of the newly issued newsletter on education entitled Secondary Vocational Education Reform (Domestic and Foreign Experience.)

Specialists are convinced that in a range of secondary vocational education aspects Russia is doing as well as many other foreign countries. However, there are serious threats preventing the SVE system from achieving its targets successfully. A major threat is low attractiveness of blue-collar professions and middle ranking professions.

According to the analysts, the SVE system reform is going on in the context of labor force depletion and unstable relations between the labor market participants. Choice of any further development strategy is complicated by immature all-Russian education quality assessment system, on the one hand, and restricted SVE organizations performance results, non-transparent monitoring, and poor feedback that is necessary to improve educational services efficiency and accessibility, on the other hand.

As a result, actions are fragmentary and non-coordinated, and there is no reliable up-to-date information to formulate and pursue a national policy of middle ranking workers and specialists training, the experts believe.

The challenges faced by the modern secondary vocational education system greatly match with those of the Russian secondary schools, including labor force depletion, infrastructural shifts and shrinking human resources. Besides, the SVE system faces the challenge of demand transformation and inert compromise mechanisms.

At the same time, the Russian vocational education system has some undoubtable achievements, according to the specialists. Among the recent developments, experts refer to the Strategy of Blue Collars Training and Applied Qualifications System Development in the Russian Federation through 2020 and the prioritized project Highly Skilled Specialists and Workers Training. Federal State Educational Standards are being introduced in 50 most popular, new and promising SVE professions and specialties. A network of interregional centers of excellence is being developed. Worldskill Russia, a youth movement, is on the way to cover all the Russian Federation constituent entities. Professional skill competitions are held, where the students of secondary vocational education institutions take an active part jointly with young professionals from the real economy sector companies.

Herewith, the SVE system is at the start of the transformation path only. That is why, it is important to appeal to both international practices and the domestic achievements from the past employed by some leading countries. Furthermore, according to the analysts, SVE innovative development systems that are being created in developed countries are of special interest.

For more information see the Secondary Vocational Education Reform (Domestic and Foreign Experience) newsletter .

Other newsletters on education can be found in the Publications section.

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