The Analytical Center continues to hold conferences and debates around the Russian Federation National Report on the progress in the implementation of the ILO’s “The Future of Work initiative”.
Deputy Minister of Labor and Social Protection Liubov Yeltsova outlined the key goals and objectives of the ILO’s “Future of Work initiative”, which include creating high-performance jobs, improving the quality and changing the workforce composition, creating an up-to-date national qualifications network in Russia. It is equally important to ensure decent working conditions at workplaces, promote social partnership and modernize the employee social protection (pension, social and healthcare) schemes on the insurance coverage basis, while avoiding increased financial burden on employers,” stressed the Deputy Minister.
Panelists pointed out the need to introduce amendments into the document since some clauses in it beg further discussion and extension. “The report only mentions in passing the health and pension insurance schemes, and these are essential and are currently discussed at all levels of government”, says Managing Director of the Labor Market and Social Partnership Department at the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Marina Moskvina. The expert believes that all the social security schemes existing in the Russian Federation should be described in the report, along with the risks and challenges associated with each of those. Ms. Moskvina also noted that the document contains no mention of the risk-based approaches in occupational health and safety. “Active work is in progress on that front, meaning that reflecting these approaches in the report is quite important”, she said.
According to Head of the Social and Labor Relations and Social Partnership Department of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia Oleg Sokolov, the document lacks a clear-cut definition of the key challenged faced by the sector – comprehensive humanization of labor and employment, instead of one promoted strictly within specific fields. “All policies are supposed to serve one purpose only – to satisfy people’s need and wants,” says the expert. “And this means that our task is to make labor a source of satisfaction for all parties involved, turning it into an opportunity for personal fulfillment through work and career”. Mr. Sokolov feels positive that this is precisely the point that should be highlighted in the report.
Experts believe that the economic basis for future development of the labor and employment sector lies in improving labor efficiency and productivity and upgrading the employee compensation practices, as well as in fostering structural changes in the economy by enhancing workforce mobility and fine-tuning professional training programs. Another task to be accomplished is bringing the legal framework of employment relations in line with the modern-day economic situation.
Panelists account that development of the welfare sector in the age of new information technologies is only possible provided there is financial stability, personalization of services provided, wide employment of information technologies, promotion of digital literacy, and notable improvement of the living conditions for persons with various disabilities.