“In Russia, the education is being reformed in the conditions of a time gap between the development of reforms and emergence of their consequences, as results in average become visible in 8-14 days,” said Ms. Inna Karakchieva, expert of the Analytical Center, speaking at the plenary meeting of the IX All-Russian Pedagogical Readings named after T.I. Shamova.
In current conditions, the political context that focuses the education management on efficiency and people - on personification of liability for educational result - has changed. Against the background of the developing educational market, emerging new competitive mechanisms, entering of external stakeholders (businesses, non-profit organizations, social networks, etc.) into the system, we observe a growth of objective contradictions.
“On the one hand, the society generally welcomes conservative trends in education reforms and negatively perceives unknown, unclear and revolutionary innovations. On the other hand, it also recognizes the need for innovations in the education system,” states Inna Karakchieva. “In the today’s world, the globalization of processes calls for integration processes and at the same time the cult of individualism is thriving.”
According to the Expert, taking into consideration the “heritage” of the organizational structure in the Russian education system - its inflexibility, conservatism and gap from the science, the issue of choosing a development model and readiness of the educational system and the society to take some risks when implementing the chosen model becomes critical. Development prospects of the contemporary education are directly connected with individualization, independence, openness and mobility both of the education system and of a person in this system.
Earlier, speaking at the Scientific Council for Comparative Pedagogy of the Education Development Strategy Institute, Ms. Karakchieva noted that specific features of Russia, its federalism, national structure, and diversity of social and economic development in regions would be the factors that should be taken into consideration when justifying the need for, selecting and implementing a “foreign know-how” in the education system.
“It should be emphasized that the Russian education is unique,” said the expert. “This uniqueness means that with its very rich historical background and focus on the unity, availability and quality for everyone, the education in Russia retains the core idea of serving to the state, society, and people. The importance of maintaining this core idea in reforming the Russian education is indisputable.”