Working-age Population Is in Decline

24 november 2016

The Analytical Center has hosted an international workshop titled ‘How to adress the non-compliance of skills and qualifications of employees with the future demands of the labor market’, during which experts looked at the current trends in the formation and development of professional qualifications systems in Russia and Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development countries (OECD).

Special attention during the workshop was paid to discussing the key directions and legislative foundations for the development of the national system of professional qualifications in Russia, the creation of internet resources for training in in-demand and future professions, the practice-based professional education and forms of on-site training.

“Between 2011 and 2015 the working-age population decreased by 3.6 million people,” said Deputy Minister of Labor and Social Protections of Russia Lubov Yeltsova. “We saw the largest decline in employment in the real sector of the economy, primarily in industry and agriculture. Construction saw fairly fast growth in employment through the end of 2014 and it was only in 2015 that employment figures for construction started to decline; this trend has continued into 2016.”

Ms. Yeltsova also talked about the additional elements in the system of classifiers used in labor and social research: these are professional standards, a registry of professional standards and a list of in-demand and future occupations. As for the list of occupations, it was approved by the Ministry of Labor of the RF by the relevant Decree No. 832 dated November 2, 2015. The list includes 1,625 occupations and it was prepared by more than 13,000 organizations, the government official noted. “The list contains a brief description for each occupation, education requirements for it, references to All-Russian Classifier of Occupations, All-Russian Classifier of Occupations of Employees, Positions of Civil Servants and Wage Category, and Federal State Educational Standard, notes on professional standards availability,” Ms. Yeltsova said. “The information about professions will be used to develop new and update existing professional and educational standards and training programs and to introduce a new HR training system. Work on the list is going to continue,” Deputy Minister pointed out.

The OECD Director for Employment, Labor and Social Affairs Markike Vandevejer talked in depth about the development of qualifications systems in OECD countries while International Labor Organization consultant for professional qualifications issues Vladimir Gaskov made a presentation on qualifications systems in economically developed countries. The expert believes that the main indicator of the national workforce quality is the percentage of certified specialists.

Among the seminar participants were international experts with the OECD, the International Labor Organization, the World Bank, representatives of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, the National Agency for the Development of Qualifications and other engaged specialists.

The event was held with the support of the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation