'The mining industry is in pretty good shape and there is no doubt that the trends we are going to be seeing there, including in exports (for example, of coal and others), will to a large extent determine the possible trends in rail deliveries in 2016,' the Analytical Center's expert Alexander Golyashev told a correspondent of Gudok.
The mining industry is going to determine the trends in rail cargo deliveries in 2016
Gudok cites a study conducted by the Analytical Center that concluded the market for rail deliveries was still doing pretty good even though the industrial output fell by almost 4%. An increase in exports of coal led to a spike in rail deliveries this past fall. This year, railway companies expect to see modest growth in shipments and total cargo turnover.
Railways are the most developed transport system in Russia that far outstrips even rail systems in the developed economies of the world on all key counts, Gudok writes citing the Analytical Center. In terms of their share in total cargo turnover, rail transport in Russia is second only to China (by 29%), but is almost 2.5 times greater than in India, the US and Brazil and 7.5 times greater than in Germany. In terms of the average distance of rail deliveries Russia is at the same level as the USA and far ahead of the other BRIC nations. Shipments by other types of transport trail far behind. Thus the average distance cargo is taken by automobiles in Russia is less than in China or Germany. The absolute measures showing the development of air and sea transport in Russia are far behind those in the USA, Germany and China.
After a fairly good late 2015, 2016 started with a rather pleasant surprise for the rail transport in the form of a new fee imposed on large goods vehicles for the use of federal highways, Mr. Golyashev notes. 'We can not really estimate the full consequences of Plato (the system for levying the new highway fee) introduction or the entire transport industry, however, it is already clear that rail transport has been handed a competitive edge. However rail companies will have to be flexible in their policies for attracting fence sitting consignors as the country continues to experience a sharp economic downturn,' the expert believes.