The provision of the technological independence of the energy sector and adequate competences in all activities that are critical for sustainable energy development with increase and expansion of the global technological competitiveness of the Russian fuel and energy sector the project of which was submitted for consideration to the Government, was announced to be one of the key objectives of the Energy Strategy of Russia up to 2035.
Russia fully provides itself with necessary energy resources
Achieving technological independence means using all the possibilities of technological cooperation and the global division of labor, including the participation of Russia in global scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation, creationing investment funds for investments in the development of own technological competencies and localizing a science-driven high technology manufacturing and services necessary to ensure the sustainable functioning and development of the Russian energy sector. It will need, in particular, infrastructure development of engineering centers and industrial testing sites and certification centers. An important role is played by the establishment of the Fuel and Energy Sector State Information System, which provides the formation of high-quality statistical and analytical reports, and also improvement of long-term forecasts in the industry.
The BOSS magazine asked experts about their vision of implementation of the task and the role of the innovative import substitution and development of the national high technology production market.
'Russia fully provides itself with necessary energy resources, thus the priorities for the import substitution in Fuel and Energy Sector are assigned for sectors that are either adjacent to the complex or are characterized by the higher level of hydrocarbons procession,' said Victoria Gimadi, the Head Analytical Center's Department for Fuel and Energy Sector. According to the expert, it is reasonable to include oil and gas and power engineering (including production of some drilling equipment, consensate and gas-conditioning equipment, marine equipment and certain types of gas turbine plants), and also production of catalysts for oil refining and petrochemistry in the first block. The second block will include various petrochemical products (first and foremost large polymers.)
'In the beginning of 2015 there were first plans on import substitution in different sectors. Yet it is difficult to judge the results of their implementation. Industry sectors under discussion are characterized by long investment cycles, and if any investment project is implemented now, it was scheduled earlier. If in some areas there has been significant growth in production, it is due to the investments made in prior periods as well as on account of the production, introduced in 2013 and 2014,' said the expert. The expert mentioned the petrochemical industry as an example: over recent 2 years the production growth of certain types of polymers is witnessed in Russia, due to the commissioning of such plants as 'Tobolsk-Polymer', 'Poliom' and 'RusVinyl.'
Nowadays various Russian companies have investment plans for the construction of large industrial petrochemical enterprises, individual projects for the production of catalysts and some projects in the heavy machinery,according to Ms Gimadi. At the same time, in her opinion, the majority of these projects will be largely based on foreign technologies, so there are grounds to speak about the problems of implementation of Russian technologies. The developers of the latter shall raise the level of their competitiveness somewhere, and in some areas they will only start their development, Ms Gimadi believes.