Sales of spirits in Russia continue to decrease. Ms. Elena Razumova, an expert of the Analytical Center told the Izvestiya that strong spirits sales may be decreased due to excise duty hike in 2017, and as a result, higher minimum retail and consumer prices.
Reduction of Demand for Strong Spirits may Evidence Going to the Shadow Market
According to the expert, in 2016, an average salary allowed buying 98 bottles of vodka of one liter capacity at the minimum retail price. "And by September 2017, when the excise duty and the minimum retail price increased, it was possible to by only 92 bottles of vodka of one liter capacity. With that, the demand for vodka may be shifted to the segment of strong wines, beer and vermouth," Ms. Razumova said.
As estimated by the experts of the Analytical Center, in 2010, a monthly salary allowed buying 117.7 bottles of vodka of one liter capacity, in 2012 — 122.2, and in 2013 — 87.6. The same situation is with the segment of wines: while sales of table wines and champagne were decreased in January-September 2017, sales of winy beverages and cheaper fruit wines were increased by 5 and 50 percent, respectively, the specialist said.
"All that's happening may also have other reasons. For example, the decrease in the demand for strong spirits may evidence going to the shadow market. And the alternation of generation: the young generation smokes vaporizers instead of cigarettes and drinks ciders instead of vodka," Ms. Razumova supposed.
The analyst also noted that a purely technical factor related to the change of the procedure for alcohol turnover data collection might play its role. "Before January 1, 2017, the source of the information on the volume of retail sales was the data generated by the Russian Federal Service for State Statistics on the basis of retailers' reports on their own forms. Starting from 2017, the data come from the state automated information system, in which not all the data on sales of alcohol in rural areas in the first half of this year were reflected," Ms. Razumova summarized.
Photo: from open sources