Before the Digital Economy Program was adopted at the end of July 2017, the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev had approved the implementation plan for the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy for 2017-2019. The strategy is aimed at creating technologies that can meet major challenges increasing the share of high-tech products in the country's GDP, taking domestic high technology products to new markets, and improving the effectiveness of research. "It is important that the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy goes hand in hand with the Digital Economy Program," believes Deputy Head of the Analytical Center Evgeniy Kislyakov. He described the objectives of the Strategy and its role in the development of the country's economy to Kommersant Science correspondent.
It is important that the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy goes hand in hand with the Digital Economy Program
"It has been three years since the Federal Law on Strategic Planning was adopted in Russia," Kislyakov noted. The law was specifically designed to regulate the interaction between all the participants in this complex process. The law has also defined the strategic planning documents that regulate activities in the area of improving the quality of life, strengthening and developing Russia's intellectual potential, and creating tools to address the so-called major challenges. These include the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy. According to the expert, this is a high-level official document, and the Strategy's objective is to ensure a fundamental long-term link between issues of national security, territorial integrity, and socio-economic development of the country.
The Government of the Russian Federation has approved a plan to implement the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy for 2017-2019. This first phase will focus on the development of a modern management system in the field of science, technology and innovation. For instance, to meet the so-called major challenges, which bring substantial risks to society, economy, and the system of public administration, complex scientific and technological programs and projects will be developed that include all the stages of the innovation life cycle: from the acquisition of new fundamental knowledge to its practical application, the creation of technologies, products and services, and their entry into the market. This approach will help structure existing mechanisms in the field of science, technology and innovation management, and, more importantly, involve all the participants in every stage of the project's implementation, Kislyakov believes. This also applies to businesses,whose active involvement is expected both in the formation of the order for exploratory and applied research studies and in the acceptance of work. "Which, of course, will require some reformatting of existing approaches," he argues.
"It is important, that the Russian Scientific and Technological Development Strategy goes hand in hand with the Digital Economy Program, aimed at transforming tools that allow to make decisions based on metadata," he pointed out. "In this regard, the introduction of a management tool, such as advice on priority directions of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation, will make it possible to create a coordinated interdepartmental mechanism for decision-making. Now each ministry decides, using the mechanism of federal target programs, which projects need financing and which do not. Councils will provide expert and analytical support for the implementation of priorities of the national scientific and technological development by identifying, selecting and formulating the most promising projects and programs. We propose to form them on a parity basis: 1/3 — officials, 1/3 — academics, 1/3 — representatives of high-tech business." Such a ratio will provide the necessary balance not only in decision-making, but also in the implementation of these plans, Kislyakov believes.
"In general, the creation of a coherent and coordinated decision-making system, in my opinion, is the basis, the absence of which can make our breakthrough to the future very difficult," the expert contends.
Source: Kommersant Science