The Head of the Department for Monitoring of the Analytical Center Tatiana Eferina answered the questions of PC Week Magazine about the National Technology Initiative, whose implementation is to be allocated almost RUB 8.5 billion in 2017 under the Government's February Resolution No 255-R. Ms. Eferina pointed to the fact that the road maps of the National Technology Initiative rely not only on various technologies but also on state programs, such as the Strategy of the Science and Technology Development of Russia, the Strategy for the Development of Information Technologies in Russia in 2014-2020 and until 2025, the Strategy for the Development of an Information Community in Russia in 2017-2030 and others.
Digital technologies are an important factor in boosting efficiency
"Obviously, the introduction of breakthrough technologies and massive state support are expected to translate into a positive cumulative effect for both the ICT sector and the country's broader economy as a whole," Tatiana Eferina told PC Week. However, she also noted that an inventory had to be taken of the state support measures to assess whether there was real demand for them and how effective they were and also to synchronize them. She also believes that a huge amount of work is necessary to create a system of changes in the digital economy, whose key indicator must be its share in the total GDP. At the same time, she suggests taking into account the various approaches to assessing the digital economy that have been used in various initiatives abroad.
"The approaches to assessing the performance of the digital economy depend on the goals that a country may have for it. For example, in Germany emphasis is put on the state industrial policy, development of measures to make it more competitive on the global markets (a similar approach is used in the Netherlands, France, Italy and China), while in the US they have an independent interdepartmental initiative being implemented across all sectors of the economy and spanning 65-70% of all economic activities in the country, whose aim is to improve the country's global competitiveness by bringing together multinational corporations and big business. These two approaches differ in the degree to which the state is involved, the types of support measures that are available, geography and financing schemes," Ms. Eferina explained. In her opinion, for Russia the best example to follow would be Germany's Industrie 4.0 program.
"Digital technologies are an important factor in boosting the efficiency of business through the introduction of IT in production, business processes, marketing and customer relations. In Russia, the greatest effect from the deployment of information technologies in the short and medium term is to be expected in sectors having to do with education, health care, finance, transport, agriculture, services while in the long term, we are going to see tangible results in industrial production," Tatiana Eferina believes.
Photo: from open sources