The “Energosberezheniye” magazine has published an interview with Evgeny Gasho, expert with the Analytical Centre, titled “Energy efficiency must become an effective driving factor in the country’s economic development…», where Mr. Gasho talks about how the heat supply in our country works and why consumers are grossly overcharged on heating bills.
Vast energy conservation reserves are indeed available
“Presently the Russian Ministry of Energy transfers all competencies related to regulation and control over energy conservation requirements to the Ministry of Economy. The latter’s plan is to reset all the processes, creating a kind of “Energy Efficiency 2.0”, so to speak, to provide an impetus for further development and growing role of this sector,” said Mr. Gasho answering a reporter’s questions in his interview. “However, based on the past 6-7 years of monitoring this sector, I believe that this simply cannot be done without pointing out the failures, without calling attention to the omissions of the state policy”.
Speaking of the Analytical Centre’s involvement in the work in this area, Mr. Gasho remarked: “We naturally refrain from sweeping generalizations and superficial criticism. We aim to be consistent in our statements and conclusions based on earlier research and monitoring, our own experience of regional programs and the work of colleagues, as we set forth our position offering possible scenarios of how it can be materialized. And such scenarios first and foremost envisage the implementation of generally available energy-efficient technologies. We are, for example, taking part in the work on one of the reference databases on energy efficiency.
Secondly, energy conservation programs for entire cities and regions are required. We have been working on relevant programs for ten Russian cities located in different climatic zones, and also for Moscow. That is why we have a thorough knowledge of how this works and what means and mechanisms should be employed
Thirdly, we identify a variety of energy conservation and energy efficiency improvement reserves which may require totally different strategies to handle them. A vast energy conservation potential can, for example, be released by bringing power-generating facilities back to optimal performance. It is, unfortunately, not infrequent that buildings, networks and energy sources, exceed their design parameters and sometimes operate in off-design modes for years. The tragic consequences of operation in off-design modes known to us include the Sayano-Shushenskaya power station accident.
Another source of energy conservation could be the use of secondary energy resources and combining those. And here we are not talking of the fabled renewable sources of energy the potential of which, in Moscow, at least, is rather modest, but of quite real sewage waters of industrial facilities and of ventilation loss of big buildings. For this is precisely where the heat that is pointlessly released by cooling towers of heat and power plants, and the quantities of heat loss are estimated to run into many megawatts. Moscow’s total heat loss exceeds 100 million Gcal.
Yet another vast energy conservation resource can be deployed through using the latent heat held by materials. This option once used to be under active development, being largely overlooked today.
So energy conservation reserves are indeed available and they are pretty vast, amounting to dozens of millions of tons of fuel equivalent.”